Center for Climate and Energy Solutions

Posts by Center for Climate and Energy Solutions

Press Release
Bloomberg Philanthropies Signs on as Headline Sponsor of 2018 Climate Leadership Conference
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Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Bonn

In the most significant test of the Paris Agreement since the United States announced its intent to withdraw, the U.N. climate talks in Bonn, Germany, made progress on the Paris “rulebook” to be adopted next year, but renewed clashes over …

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Factsheet
Resilience Strategies for Extreme Heat

Climate change is contributing to more frequent, severe, and longer heat waves during summer months across the United Sates. The number of heatwaves observed in 2011 and 2012 were triple the long-term average, and require planning for economic, health and …

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Press Release
Brief: How Electrified Transportation Can Benefit Low-Income Communities
Press Release
Bob Perciasepe on the Clean Power Plan repeal
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Corporate Climate Risk Reporting Likely to Improve Under Business-Led Task Force Recommendations
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Report
American Mayors and Businesses: Building Partnerships for a Low-Carbon Future

The summary case studies contained in this document are meant to illustrate how cities can partner to achieve their clean energy goals. Whether it is Santa Fe Mayor Javier Gonazales’ Verde Fund, Salt Lake City Mayor Jackie Biskupski’s Climate Positive …

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Press Release
Survey finds cities are pushing ahead with climate change efforts
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Report
Mayors Leading the Way on Climate: How Cities Large and Small are Taking Action

Mayors across the country are taking action to address these real climate change threats by committing to reduce carbon emissions. A nationwide survey by the U.S. Conference of Mayors and the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions as part of …

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Factsheet
Paris Climate Agreement Q&A

More than 190 nations meeting in Paris in December 2015 reached a landmark agreement to strengthen the global climate effort. The Paris Agreement commits countries to undertake “nationally determined contributions” and establishes mechanisms to hold them accountable and to strengthen …

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Press Release
C2ES outlines how and why companies use carbon pricing to prepare for climate change
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Ann McCabe and Bob Perciasepe on the Climate Leadership Awards
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Amazon joins C2ES Business Environmental Leadership Council
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Bob Perciasepe on the extension of California’s cap and trade program
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Bob Perciasepe on climate risk disclosure recommendations
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Brief
Containing the Costs of Climate Policy

This policy brief outlines various options for containing costs under a cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Although cap and trade is generally considered a more cost-effective approach than traditional regulation, excessive allowance prices are a concern. High …

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Press Release
Survey finds US mayors taking action on climate protection, and planning for more
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on the “We Are Still In” announcement
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on the decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement
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C2ES releases framework for helping small businesses build climate resilience
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on on climate change discussions at the G7 Summit in Taormina, Italy
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C2ES guide helps cities and businesses collaborate on climate resilience
Press Release
Major Companies Sign Full-Page Ad Urging President to Stay in the Paris Agreement
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Paper
Canada Interconnected Infographic

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Factsheet
Legal Issues Related to the Paris Agreement

In the debate over continued U.S. participation in the Paris Agreement on climate change, questions have arisen as to the agreement’s potential legal implications for U.S. policymaking. Attention has focused on two issues in particular: Whether a party legally has …

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Press Release
Major companies urge White House to stay in Paris Agreement
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Factsheet
Key Insights for Expanding Microgrid Development

C2ES held a half-day Solutions Forum in March 2017 in Washington, D.C., focusing on the benefits of microgrids and examining what is standing in the way of accelerating their deployment. Two panels, comprising business and city leaders, shared their first-hand …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s statement on President Trump’s executive order related to climate change
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on the release of the Trump Administration’s proposed budget
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on House resolution to seek economically viable ways to combat climate change
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on fuel economy standards review
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C2ES, GW examine how to deploy more microgrids for reliability, resilience, renewables
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Companies, cities win Climate Leadership Awards for reducing their carbon footprint
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on the Republican carbon tax proposal
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C2ES again ranks among top environmental think tanks
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Bob Perciasepe on NRG Petra Nova CCUS project
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Factsheet
Volkswagen Settlement Funding: What Cities Should Know

In October 2016, the U.S. government granted final approval of a $14.7 billion settlement against Volkswagen (VW) for equipping more than 500,000 of its diesel vehicles to cheat U.S. vehicle emissions tests in violation of the Clean Air Act. Volkswagen …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe on Google’s milestone of 100 percent renewable energy
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C2ES Wins Award as Top US Energy and Environment Think Tank
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C2ES Statement on the Outcome of COP 22
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Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Marrakech

Despite looming uncertainties following the election of Donald Trump as the new U.S. president, governments meeting in Marrakech, Morocco, pushed forward with the freshly-minted Paris Agreement on climate change, setting 2018 as their deadline for completing the nuts-and-bolts decisions needed …

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Press Release
Major companies back Paris Agreement
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Bob Perciasepe on the results of the 2016 presidential election
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Statement on Montreal Protocol amendment on HFCs
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Statement on ICAO global aviation emissions agreement
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Major companies applaud Paris Agreement
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Bob Perciasepe on the Paris Agreement crossing the threshold for entry into force
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C2ES welcomes new board members Trammell S. Crow, Kathleen Merrigan and Cari Boyce
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Analysis: Clean Power Plan will reduce emissions at minimal cost to consumers
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Bob Perciasepe statement on US & China joint approval of the Paris Agreement
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Bob Perciasepe statement on new truck standards
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Bob Perciasepe on EPA aviation emissions finding
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Bob Perciasepe statement on North American Climate Partnership
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Factsheet
Details of the Clean Energy Incentive Program

Under its final Clean Power Plan (CPP), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the Clean Energy Incentive Program (CEIP) to encourage early action in meeting CPP objectives. The CEIP is a voluntary program for states to incentivize renewable and …

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Press Release
Alliance for a Sustainable Future Announced
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Factsheet
Policy Considerations for Emerging Carbon Programs

With climate action gaining momentum around the country, policymakers at the city, state, and federal level are all considering policy tools they can use to achieve their goals. Many market-based options exist that can deliver differing co-benefits. Discussions and collaboration …

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Factsheet
City-level Climate Leadership in Boulder: The Climate Action Plan Tax

Cities across the United States are using a range of policy options to achieve their climate mitigation goals. One example is Boulder, Colorado, which has a long history of taking climate action, and is using a market-based approach to both …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe statement on US-India climate efforts
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Microsoft joins C2ES Business Environmental Leadership Council
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CCUS technology is essential to the success of the Paris Agreement
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U.S. can reach Paris Agreement climate goal; more needed
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Major companies support Paris Agreement
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Factsheet
Secondary Carbon Markets

Many state regulators are considering carbon trading as a compliance option with the Clean Power Plan. An important part of carbon trading is the secondary carbon market—the market among private sector buyers and sellers that arises to provide more efficient …

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Factsheet
Key Insights on Collaboration for a Resilient Anchorage

C2ES held a two-day Solutions Forum workshop in March 2016 in Anchorage, Alaska, focusing on opportunities for collaboration in building a climate-resilient Anchorage. About 50 business leaders, city, state, federal and tribal officials, nonprofit organizations, and other experts shared their …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s statement on the US-China joint announcement on the Paris Agreement
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Factsheet
Collaboration for Climate Resilience in Stamford, Connecticut

The city of Stamford, Connecticut, is a corporate hub with more than 125,000 residents, the third largest city in the state. As a coastal city, Stamford is vulnerable to threats of climate change, extreme weather, and natural disasters, making it …

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Factsheet
Climate Change Impacts in Anchorage

Climate changes will impact the entire Anchorage community. Businesses of all sizes are an important part of the community, and will experience many different risks, such as disruptions to their supply chain, financial losses from extreme events, and threats to …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe statement on US-Canada climate cooperation
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Climate Leadership Award winners to be honored
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Factsheet
Key Insights: Business, State and City Collaboration on Interstate Trading under the Clean Power Plan

C2ES facilitated a second private Solutions Forum workshop around the Clean Power Plan in February 2016. More than 50 business leaders, state and city officials, other experts, and representatives of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) participated. The discussion built …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s statement on SCOTUS stay of the Clean Power Plan
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Factsheet
Powering Phoenix: City and Business Collaboration on Clean Energy

The City of Phoenix has developed innovative partnerships with the private sector, investors, and the state across various projects to promote energy efficiency and increase the share of renewable energy. As these projects are expanded or emulated, they may help …

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Factsheet
Distribution of Allowances under the Clean Power Plan

In August 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized the Clean Power Plan for existing power plants. Under the rule, states can implement a mass-based or rate-based compliance plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector. States …

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Factsheet
Energy Efficiency under the Clean Power Plan

Energy efficiency programs are in wide use, whether administered by state governments, city governments, or utilities. Because energy efficiency is often a low-cost means for reducing power sector emissions, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) expects it will be broadly …

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Factsheet
Market Oversight Under the Clean Power Plan

Carbon markets, like other commodities markets, require provisions to ensure that the market functions effectively and is not manipulated by some participants. Regulators conduct oversight to ensure that buyers can procure carbon credits when needed at a price that reflects …

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Factsheet
Tracking Systems in the Clean Power Plan

Tracking Systems in the Clean Power Plan February 2016 Download the Fact Sheet (PDF)   Tracking systems provide the foundation for a smoothly operating trading market. They are used by market participants to track the use, trading, banking, and retirement …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s statement on C2ES ranking among top think tanks
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Factsheet
Rate-Based Compliance Under the Clean Power Plan

The Clean Power Plan gives states the option to comply via either a rate-based or a mass-based approach. Ten states currently operate mass-based greenhouse gas reduction programs, and many more participate in mass-based programs to reduce other pollutants (e.g., sulfur …

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Press Release
Statement of Bob Perciasepe on the 2016 State of the Union Address
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Bob Perciasepe on the Biennial Report on U.S. climate goals
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Paper
C2ES Comments on the Clean Power Plan’s Clean Energy Incentive Program

This document constitutes the comments of the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) on the proposed Clean Energy Incentive Program proposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). C2ES is an independent, nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to advancing practical …

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Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Paris

Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) reached a landmark agreement on December 12 in Paris, charting a fundamentally new course in the two-decade-old global climate effort.

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Press Release
C2ES statement on a global climate agreement in Paris
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Factsheet
Key Insights From Stakeholders on the Clean Energy Incentive Program

In November 2015, C2ES facilitated a discussion with 25 business leaders, state and city officials, nonprofit organizations, and other experts on the Clean Power Plan’s (CPP) proposed Clean Energy Incentive Program (CEIP). The CEIP is a voluntary program to encourage …

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Factsheet
Essential Elements of a Paris Climate Agreement

The U.N. Climate Change Conference in Paris presents a critical opportunity for parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to strengthen the global response to climate change. In this brief, the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s statement on world leaders gathering in Paris for the start of international climate talks
Press Release
Public support, innovative business models could boost EV charging
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Factsheet
Key Insights on Business State and City Collaboration for Climate Resilience

C2ES held a Solutions Forum workshop focusing on opportunities for collaboration on climate resilience in November 2015 in Detroit, Michigan. More than 40 business leaders, state and city officials, non-profit organizations, and other experts shared their experiences addressing climate change …

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Factsheet
Collaboration for Strengthening Climate Resilience in Detroit

Detroit is projected to experience higher temperatures, more frequent and intense precipitation events, and fluctuating lake levels. These changes will pose various challenges to the city, threatening homes, infrastructure, and human health and safety. Various groups have taken steps to …

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Press Release
Fleet operators could save money with natural gas vehicles
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Brief
Maryland: Climate Change is Here and Now

Today we are already experiencing the types of impacts, which are expected to become more intense and occur more frequently as a result of climate change. In the past two years, Maryland has experienced floods, excessive heat and drought leading …

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Factsheet
The Clean Power Plan and Market Options for Compliance

Over the next year, states will be working with stakeholders to submit plans to implement the new federal Clean Power Plan and submit comments on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposed federal implementation plan and model rules. In its …

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Paper
C2ES Comments on Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units; Proposed Rule

This document constitutes the comments of the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) on the proposed federal plan requirements for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from electric utility generating units under the Clean Power Plan, proposed by the U.S. Environmental …

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Press Release
14 Major Companies Voice Support for a Climate Agreement
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C2ES Launches Solutions Forum
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Factsheet
Key Insights: Market Readiness for Businesses, States and Cities under the Clean Power Plan

C2ES held its first Solutions Forum workshop, focusing on market readiness under the Clean Power Plan, in September 2015. More than 40 business leaders, state and city officials, other experts, and representatives from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the …

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Factsheet
Philadelphia’s Benchmarking and Energy Use Program

Energy efficiency is expected to be a key compliance option for states under the Clean Power Plan because it can minimize cost impacts to consumers and utilities. For states using a rate-based emissions target, efficiency gains will need to be …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s statement on the U.S.-China joint statement on climate change
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Paper
Weathering the Next Storm: A Closer Look at Business Resilience Infographic

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Companies face hurdles to address climate risks
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Bob Perciasepe’s Statement on Clean Power Plan
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Factsheet
China’s Contribution to the Paris Climate Agreement

Based on analysis by some of the world’s leading  energy institutes, China’s INDC represents a significant undertaking beyond business-as-usual and will help slow the rise in global greenhouse gas emissions. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy …

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s Statement on Business Act on Climate Pledge
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Elements emerging for an effective Paris climate agreement
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Climate Leadership Awards Application Period is Open through September 25, 2015
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on China’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution
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C2ES issues status report on Obama Climate Action Plan Progress
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on proposed heavy-duty truck emissions standards
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on Pope Francis’ encyclical on climate change
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Canadian hydropower could help states achieve carbon-cutting goals
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Paper
How Canadian hydropower can help achieve US climate goals Infographic

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Press Release
Bob Perciasepe’s statement on the U.S. target for an international climate agreement
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Brief
EV Charging Financial Analysis Tool

The EV Charging Financial Analysis Tool was developed for this project by C2ES and the Cadmus Group to evaluate the financial viability of EV charging infrastructure investments involving multiple private and public sector partners. It uses the discounted cash flow …

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Press Release
Climate Leadership Award Winners Announced
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Bob Perciasepe’s Statement on the 2015 State of the Union Address
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on EPA’s announcement of plans to address methane emissions
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Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Lima

In a preview of a tough year ahead, governments meeting at the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Lima, Peru, went 30 hours over deadline to hammer out a modest set of procedural steps, and made no real progress on the …

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Elliot Diringer’s statement on the conclusion of COP 20 in Lima
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on 2014 State of the Union
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Bob Perciasepe’s statement on US-China climate announcement
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Bob Perciasepe’s Statement on IPCC Synthesis Report
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Bob Perciasepe’s Statement on the U.N. Climate Summit
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Bob Perciasepe named new president of C2ES
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Factsheet
President Obama’s Climate Action Plan: One Year Later

One year after President Obama announced his Climate Action Plan, the administration has made marked progress in its initial implementation. The plan, announced June 25, 2013, outlines 75 goals in three areas: cutting carbon pollution in the United States, preparing …

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Press Release
C2ES honored as Gold Stevie award winner in 2014 American Business Awards
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C2ES makes it easy to calculate your carbon footprint
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C2ES examines options for a flexible, ambitious climate agreement
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on EPA’s Carbon Emissions Standard for Power Plants
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C2ES Comments on Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units

On June 18, 2014, EPA proposed carbon dioxide emission standards for existing power plants, also known as the Clean Power Plan, implementing its authority under section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act. More information on the proposed rule can be …

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C2ES Comments on Proposed EPA Rule for New Power Plants

On September 20, 2013, EPA proposed carbon dioxide emission standards for new power plants in implementing its authority under section of 111(b) of the Clean Air Act. More information on the proposed rule can be found here. On May 7, …

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Press Release
Eileeen Claussen’s Statement on the National Climate Assessment
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on The Expanding Carbon Capture Through Enhanced Oil Recovery Act of 2014
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C2ES: Losing nuclear power makes it harder to meet U.S. climate goals
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Climate Solutions: The Role of Nuclear Power Infographic

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C2ES and Time Warner Cable announce partnership to promote greater sustainability
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Climate Leadership Award Winners Announced
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C2ES Highlights Findings from 16 Plug-in Electric Vehicle Initiatives
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Innovative financial tools could spur alternative fuel vehicle market
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Brief
Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) was the first mandatory cap-and-trade program in the United States to limit carbon dioxide (CO2) from the power sector. It consists of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and …

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Press Release
C2ES Welcomes New Vice President for Policy and Analysis
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Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Warsaw

Governments meeting at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Warsaw eked out a modest package of decisions that keep the international climate negotiations on track but underscore the formidable challenges facing parties as they work toward a new global …

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C2ES Launches Search for President
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C2ES President Eileen Claussen Announces Plans to Step Aside
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report
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Brief
U.S. Department of Energy Investment in Carbon, Capture and Storage

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) oversees federal efforts to advance the deployment carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology. In addition to working on the research and development of CCS component technologies, DOE has provided financial support to multiple commercial-scale …

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Press Release
Eileen Claussen’s Statement on Proposed EPA Rules for New Power Plants
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Companies See Extreme Weather, Climate Change as Business Risk
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Weathering the Storm: Building Business Resilience to Climate Change Infographic

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Press Release
Smart Technologies Help Federal Agencies Save Energy, Cut Costs
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on President Obama’s Climate Plan
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Report
Leveraging Natural Gas to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Recent technological advances have unleashed a boom in U.S. natural gas production, with expanded supplies and substantially lower prices projected well into the future. Because combusting natural gas yields fewer greenhouse gas emissions than coal or petroleum, the expanded use …

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New Report Details Ways Expanded Natural Gas Use Can Cut Carbon Emissions
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Judi Greenwald’s Statement on California Linking its Carbon Market with Quebec’s
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Alcoa Foundation and C2ES Help U.S. Schools Pledge More Than 21 Million Pounds of CO2 Savings
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C2ES Outlines Steps to Cut U.S. Emissions of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants
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Schools’ Challenge” Enlists More than 4,200 Middle School Students in Competition to Save Energy
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on Nomination of Dr. Ernest Moniz for Energy Secretary
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on Nomination of Gina McCarthy to Lead EPA
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Climate Leadership Award Winners Announced
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C2ES Policy Guide Outlines Options for Climate and Energy Action
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Brief
Federal Action on Climate Change and Clean Energy

The past year of extreme heat, drought, flooding and wildfire underscores the need for stronger measures to advance clean energy, reduce carbon emissions and strengthen America’s climate resilience. With the start of a new Congress and presidential term, strong and …

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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on 2013 State of the Union
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Judi Greenwald’s Statement on RGGI Tightening Emissions Cap
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Fan Wins Super Bowl Trip Playing Geaux Green Game
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on C2ES Ranking Among World’s Leading Environmental Think Tanks
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C2ES Interactive Tool Helps State Transportation Officers Support Electric Vehicles
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on Release of the Draft National Climate Assessment
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Brief
U.S. Department of Energy’s Recovery Act Investments

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) appropriated an unprecedented $90 billion to “lay the foundation for a clean energy economy of the future,” of which the U.S. Department of Energy received $35.2 billion. U.S. DOE’s appropriations have …

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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on Nomination of John Kerry as Secretary of State
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Super Bowl Fans Challenged to Geaux Green
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Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Doha

In a package of decisions dubbed the Doha Climate Gateway, parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) brought to a close two long-standing negotiating tracks and advanced a new, unified track that aimed for a comprehensive legal …

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Elliot Diringer’s Statement on Doha Climate Talks
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Manik Roy’s Statement on Keeping a Carbon Tax on the Table
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on the Need for Stronger Action to Meet Carbon Emissions Goal
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C2ES to Present New Study of Multilateral Climate Options at Doha Talks
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Get Expert Comment on the Election’s Impact on Climate and Energy Policy
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on Presidential Election
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California Cap and Trade in Context
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Climate Change and Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy is a stark reminder of the rising risks of climate change. A number of warming-related factors may well have intensified the storm’s impact. Higher ocean temperatures contributed to heavier rainfall. Higher sea levels produced stronger storm surges. New …

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Elliot Diringer’s Statement on Hurricane Sandy
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Hear from Experts on the Latest Actions in Carbon Markets and Climate Policy
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C2ES Releases Case Studies of Federal Agencies Using Information and Communications Technologies to Meet Sustainability Goals
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Eileen Claussen’s Statement on the Bipartisan Bill to Reduce Carbon Emissions and Develop Domestic Energy Resources
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Eileen Claussen Comments on the Federal Government’s New Fuel Economy Standards
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2013 Climate Leadership Awards Application Period Now Open
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CBRE Group, Inc. Joins C2ES Business Environmental Leadership Council
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C2ES Releases New Extreme Weather Map on Eve of Senate Climate Hearing
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Eileen Claussen Comments on Appeals Court Ruling Upholding EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Rules
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State Transportation Officials Meet in Raleigh to Pave Way for Plug-in Electric Vehicles
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C2ES Comments on EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standard for New Power Plants

This document constitutes the comments of the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) on the proposed standards of performance for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for new electric utility generating units (Proposal), proposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) …

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C2ES, Citi Unite to Promote Employee Engagement on the Environment
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Report Highlights Climate Change Risks to Key Gulf Coast Industries
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C2ES Welcomes GE as New Strategic Partner
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Brief
NEORI Report Methodology

Summary The Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) and the Great Plains Institute (GPI) conducted an analysis, with extensive input from the participants of National Enhanced Oil Recovery Initiative (NEORI), to inform NEORI’s recommendations for a federal production tax …

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New Analysis Finds Climate Change Is Driving New Security Concerns In The Arctic
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Brief
Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E): Innovation through the U.S. Department of Energy

Creating a low-carbon future for the United States requires innovative clean energy technologies that are cost-effective compared to the fossil fuels the country has long relied on. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E) was …

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Eileen Claussen Comments on EPA’s Proposed Greenhouse Gas Standard for New Power Plants
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Alcoa Foundation Helps U.S. Schools Identify More Than 20 Million Pounds of CO2 Savings
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Broad Coalition Offers Plan to Accelerate Adoption of Plug-In Electric Vehicles
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An Action Plan to Integrate Plug-in Electric Vehicles with the U.S. Electrical Grid

Executive Summary Americans purchased almost 18,000 plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) in 2011, a strong first year for these transformative vehicles. Recently, private industry and government have invested valuable resources in developing, promoting, and deploying PEVs. These vehicles offer an uncommon …

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Eileen Claussen Comments on Sen. Bingaman’s Clean Energy Standard Act of 2012
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Inaugural Climate Leadership Award Recipients Announced
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Enhanced Oil Recovery Plan Draws Bipartisan Welcome in Congress
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Recommended Modifications to the 45Q Tax Credit for Carbon Dioxide Sequestration

Introduction The National Enhanced Oil Recovery Initiative (NEORI) recommends that Congress consider implementing a revenue-positive federal production tax credit to support deployment of commercial carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and pipeline projects. A new, more robust federal incentive is needed to …

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Report
CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery: A Critical Domestic Energy, Economic, and Environmental Opportunity

Introduction Amidst economic uncertainty, fiscal crisis and political division over energy policy, carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR) offers a safe and commercially proven method of domestic oil production that can help the United States simultaneously address three urgent national …

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Factsheet
Enhanced Oil Recovery & Agriculture

Agricultural industries and communities can benefit from selling CO2 to meet the growing demand for CO2 to boost domestic oil production. The agriculture sector can supply high purity, manmade CO2 to access domestic oil resources in existing oil fields. Agriculture industry opportunities for capturing CO2 to spur …

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Enhanced Oil Recovery Safety

Where does the CO2 come from and where does it go? Today, most of the CO2 used in EOR operations is from natural underground ‘domes’ of CO2. With the natural supply of CO2 limited, man-made CO2 from the captured CO2 emissions of power plants and industrial facilities can be used to boost …

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Factsheet
Enhanced Oil Recovery Economic & Job Benefits

Does Increasing CO2-EOR Create Jobs? Yes. Workers will be needed across the full CO2-EOR value chain: from building and operating CO2 capture systems at power plants and other industrial facilities, to constructing new pipeline networks to transport CO2, to retrofitting and giving …

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Factsheet
Enhanced Oil Recovery Environmental Benefits

How does EOR reduce CO2 emissions? Using CO2 captured from power plants and industrial sources to enhance oil production has the potential to help the U.S. reduce its emissions by improving the CO2 intensity of the industrial and power generation sectors. Over the life of …

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Factsheet
Enhanced Oil Recovery Overview

How does CO2-EOR work? CO2-EOR works most commonly by injecting CO2 into already developed oil fields where it mixes with and “releases” additional oil from the formation, thereby freeing it to move to production wells. CO2 is separated from the …

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Factsheet
Fast Action to Reduce the Risks of Climate Change: U.S. Options to Limit Short-Lived Climate Pollutants

Short-lived climate pollutants such as soot, methane and hydroflurorocarbons (HFCs) account for 30 to 40 percent of global warming to date. Targeted efforts to reduce these emissions can slow the pace of global warming and moderate climate impacts already underway, …

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Brief
Climate Change Adaptation: What Federal Agencies are Doing

There is a growing consensus that regardless of our efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, significant climate change is unavoidable. Although climate mitigation remains critical, we must also be thinking about and planning for ways to limit the adverse impacts …

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Press Release
Eileen Claussen Comments on the Climate and Clean Energy Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollution
Press Release
C2ES Report Offers Comprehensive Approach to Measure CO2 Reductions from Carbon Capture and Storage
Press Release
Alcoa Foundation and the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions Launch School-Based Carbon Footprint Challenge
Press Release
Eileen Claussen Reacts to President Obama’s State of the Union Address
Press Release
Global Survey Names C2ES the World’s Top Environmental Think Tank
Press Release
Eileen Claussen Comments on EPA’s Release of Greenhouse Gas Reporting Data
Press Release
Eileen Claussen Comments on Utility MACT Rule
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Factsheet
Australia’s Carbon Pricing Mechanism

Summary Australia’s Clean Energy Future plan is a comprehensive set of national policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and driving investments in clean energy. At its core is a carbon pricing mechanism starting in July 2012 and covering approximately …

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Press Release
Statement on the UN Climate Change Conference in Durban
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Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Durban

In what could prove to be a key transitional moment, governments meeting at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Durban, South Africa, adopted a package of decisions initiating another phase of the Kyoto Protocol and simultaneously launching a new …

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Press Release
Center For Climate and Energy Solutions Examines Illustrative Framework For Federal Clean Energy Standard
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Brief
An Illustrative Framework for a Clean Energy Standard for the Power Sector

Introduction This paper describes an illustrative framework for a federal clean energy standard (CES) for the electricity sector. A CES is a type of electricity portfolio standard. Electricity portfolio standards are flexible, market-based policies that typically set requirements for the …

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Factsheet
Making Progress in Durban

The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Durban is an opportunity to strengthen the international climate framework. The top priority should be implementing the Cancún Agreements with steps to: 1) improve the transparency of countries’ efforts, and 2) strengthen support …

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Press Release
New Report Examines Options for International Climate Action
Press Release
New Paper Details Options for Clean Energy Standards
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Report
Clean Energy Standards: State and Federal Policy Options and Implications

Executive Summary A transition from conventional fossil fueled electricity generation to clean energy offers several benefits—particularly the growth of new clean energy industries and associated jobs, diversification of energy supply, and reductions in the public health and environmental damages (especially …

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Press Release
Center For Climate And Energy Solutions Launched In Washington, D.C.
Blog Post
Yes, You’ve Come to the Right Place
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Brief
Common Metrics: Comparing Countries’ Climate Pledges

To enable a better understanding of the mitigation pledges offered under the Copenhagen Accord and the Cancún Agreements, this analysis converts the 2020 pledges of the major economies into four common metrics: percent change in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990; …

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Brief
In Brief: Clean Energy Markets: Jobs and Opportunities

This brief discusses how investment in clean energy technologies will generate economic growth and create new jobs in the United States and around the globe. The United States stands to benefit from the expansion of global clean energy markets, but …

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Paper
A Climate of Extreme Weather Events

Much of the discussion of climate change focuses on slow changes in average temperatures and precipitation over time. But this focus masks the larger changes in weather variability and extreme weather events that will accompany modest changes in averages. Damages …

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Brief
International Climate Assistance

The United States and other developed countries provide assistance to developing countries to help them reduce greenhouse gas emissions, by protecting forests and deploying clean technologies, and to help them adapt to the impacts of climate change. In FY 2010, …

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Paper
C2ES Responses to the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee CES White Paper

This document contains our responses to the questions posted by Sens. Bingaman and Murkowski in their recently released white paper on a clean energy standard (CES). Based on the instruction from the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee for submittals, …

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Paper
GHG New Source Performance Standards for the Power Sector: Options for EPA and the States

On March 17, 2011, the Center prepared this document to inform EPA’s development of greenhouse gas standards for fossil fuel-fired power plants (Docket ID: EPA-HQ-OAR-2011-0090). This document explores market-oriented approaches for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from electricity generation under …

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Report
Climate Change 101: Understanding and Responding to Global Climate Change

The Climate Change 101 series provides a reliable and understandable introduction to global climate change, giving policy makers the basic information they need as they face decisions about climate policy. The new 2011 edition incorporates the most recent information on …

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Factsheet
The Challenge to Change: COP16 Survey on Climate and Communications

A survey released by the government of Mexico and the Pew Center on Global Climate Change reveals COP16 attendees’ attitudes on key issues when it comes to climate change, including the biggest barriers to action, the most trusted and effective …

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Brief
Strengthening MRV: Measurement, Reporting and Verification

A central issue in negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is how best to provide for the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of parties’ mitigation actions and support. This brief describes and evaluates existing requirements …

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Brief
Making Progress in Cancún

The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Cancún is an opportunity for concrete progress in the international climate change effort. Key elements of success in Cancún include: 1) operational decisions improving the transparency of countries’ actions, and strengthening support for …

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Brief
Strengthening International Climate Finance

With climate finance needs in developing countries projected to grow significantly in coming decades, governments are considering steps under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to strengthen international climate finance. Key steps include: establishing a new multilateral climate …

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Brief
MRV: A Survey of Reporting and Review in Multilateral Regimes

One of the central issues in the international climate change negations is the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of countries’ actions. This brief examines reporting and review practices in other major multilateral regimes and, drawing on these examples, outlines the …

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Brief
Major Climate and Energy Proposals in the 111th Congress

In June 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a comprehensive climate and energy bill, the American Clean Energy and Security Act (H.R. 2454). The U.S. Senate has been considering a number of related proposals, ranging from “energy only” bills, …

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Brief
The Growth of Clean Energy Industries through Climate Legislation

In the design of clean energy and climate legislation, careful attention is required to make sure competitiveness impacts—both positive and negative—on U.S. manufacturing firms are fully considered. Much of the attention to date has focused on seeking ways to avoid …

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Brief
In Brief: The Business Case for Climate Legislation

Introduction In recent years, leading businesses have emerged as some of the strongest advocates for passage of national climate and energy legislation that mandates reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. While many have cheered this business engagement, others have been …

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The Case for Action: Creating a Clean Energy Future

The United States needs strong action now to reduce the risks of climate change, strengthen our energy independence, protect our national security, and create new jobs and economic opportunities. The Pew Center on Global Climate Change believes that the case …

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Factsheet
What is Black Carbon?

Black Carbon (BC) has recently emerged as a major contributor to global climate change, possibly second only to CO2 as the main driver of change. BC particles strongly absorb sunlight and give soot its black color. BC is produced both …

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Factsheet
Events Leading to Regulation of Greenhouse Gases under the Clean Air Act

Supreme Court Ruling in Massachusetts v. EPA: Recent activity at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate greenhouse gases began in earnest following the US Supreme Court ruling in Mass. v. EPA in 2007. This case found that carbon dioxide …

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Brief
Comparison of the CEJAP Act and the CLEAR Act

This brief compares key elements of two bills currently under consideration in Congress.  The Senate Environment and Public Works Committee passed the Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act (CEJAP Act) on November 5, 2009. It provides a comprehensive, economy-wide …

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Brief
Carbon Market Design and Oversight: A Short Overview

At the heart of any successful cap-and-trade program is a well-functioning market for the trading of emissions allowances. The sulfur dioxide allowance market created under 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments to control acid rain is an example of such a …

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Brief
Economic Insights from Modeling Analyses of the American Clean Energy and Security Act

Economic models are an important tool for evaluating the potential impact of proposed legislation on our economy. This brief compares modeling analyses of the House-passed clean energy and climate bill (H.R. 2454) conducted by seven different groups including government agencies, …

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Brief
In Brief: Update on the 10-50 Solution: Progress Toward a Low-Carbon Future

Addressing the challenge of global climate change will require a significant reduction in annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the United States and throughout the world by 2050. This will necessitate a fundamental shift from an economy predominantly based on …

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Press Release
C2ES Statement on Copenhagen Accord
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Brief
Climate Change Mitigation Measures in the European Union

The European Union (EU) is the world’s third largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter after the United States and China, accounting for 13 percent of global emissions in 2005. Since 1990, EU emissions have declined about 10.7 percent as a result …

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Report
Assessing Offset Quality in the Clean Development Mechanism

The Offset Quality Initiative (OQI) responds to the intensifying debate over international offsets by releasing a policy paper assessing offset quality in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). In the paper, titled “Assessing Offset Quality in the Clean Development Mechanism,” OQI …

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Brief
A Copenhagen Climate Agreement

The UN Conference on Climate Change in Copenhagen presents a critical opportunity to strengthen the international response to global climate change. The aim in Copenhagen should be a comprehensive political agreement that puts countries on a clear path to concluding …

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Brief
Verifying Mitigation Efforts in a New Climate Agreement

A new global climate agreement will be most effective if parties are confident that it enables them to assess how well others are fulfilling their obligations. This can be achieved through a rigorous system of measurement, reporting, and verification. Key …

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Brief
Comparability of Developed Country Mitigation Efforts

The “comparability” of climate mitigation efforts undertaken by developed countries can be assessed in many different ways. Some relevant factors such as emissions, population, and GDP are readily quantified and compared; others, such as a country’s geography, economic structure, or …

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Brief
In Brief: What Pending Climate Legislation Does for Nuclear Power

Electricity generation accounts for more than one third of total U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Nuclear power is a virtually carbon-free source of reliable, baseload electricity which can play a very large role in decarbonizing the U.S. electric power sector. …

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Brief
Cost Containment and Offset Use in the American Clean Energy and Security Act

The U.S. House of Representatives passed the American Clean Energy and Security (ACES) Act, sponsored by Representatives Waxman and Markey, on June 26, 2009. The ACES Act includes a market-based regulatory program—cap and trade—to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Specified …

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Brief
In Brief: What the Waxman-Markey Bill Does for Coal

Coal is an inexpensive and abundant domestic energy resource; the United States has larger coal reserves than any other country—likely enough to sustain current production levels for more than two centuries. Coal prices are generally less volatile than those of …

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Brief
Addressing Competitiveness Issues in Climate Legislation

Energy-intensive industries may face certain competitiveness concerns resulting from a program to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Industries such as aluminum, cement, iron and steel, pulp, paper, and certain chemicals — as large energy users — all have high …

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Brief
Ocean Acidification

Since the Industrial Revolution, the acidity of the world’s oceans has increased significantly. This change is entirely the result of human activities. About one third of all the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by human activities has been absorbed by the …

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Brief
National Security Implications of Global Climate Change

Recently, respected voices in the U.S. national security community—general officers, CIA analysts, high-level Pentagon officials—have warned that global climate change threatens American security. The security implications of climate change can be parsed into three broad categories: The changing foreign policy landscape …

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Brief
Distribution of Allowances under the ACES Act

The U.S. House of Representatives passed the American Clean Energy and Security (ACES) Act on June 26, 2009 by a vote of 219-212. The ACES Act includes a cap-and-trade program designed to limit emissions of greenhouse gases in the United …

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Paper
Policy Options for Reducing GHG Emissions from Transportation Fuels

Transportation is the second largest contributor to total U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and responsible for about one-third of U.S. carbon-dioxide emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels. There are a variety of policy strategies that can be used to …

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Brief
In Brief: What the Waxman-Markey Bill Does for Agriculture

Agriculture, likely one of America’s most vulnerable sectors to a changing climate, has much to gain from a comprehensive climate policy.  Agriculture’s vulnerability to climate change was highlighted in a recent study by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (including …

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Paper
Waxman-Markey Short Summary

On June 26, 2009, the American Clean Energy and Security Act (ACES Act) was passed by the U.S. House of Representatives by a vote of 219 to 212. The bill contains five distinct titles: I) clean energy, II) energy efficiency, …

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Brief
Cost of ACES Act Found to be Small According to Government Analyses

Economic analysis by its nature is better suited to providing insights and not absolute predictions of the future and when these insights are confirmed by more than one analysis, the results are typically considered more credible.  With this in mind, …

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Brief
Myths about the Waxman-Markey Clean Energy Bill

No bill is perfect.  Certainly not one that contains a thousand pages and seeks to overhaul the way our nation uses energy.  But many of the recent attacks on the American Clean Energy and Security Act (ACES) proposed by Representatives …

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Brief
Key Scientific Developments Since the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its Fourth Assessment Report in 2007, summarizing the scientific community’s current understanding of the science of climate change.  Since that time, a number of new scientific results have been published that expand …

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Brief
Maintaining Carbon Market Integrity: Why Renewable Energy Certificates Are Not Offsets

This brief explains how and why renewable energy certificates (RECs) differ from greenhouse gas (GHG) emission offsets (offsets). While the Offset Quality Initiative (OQI) is a strong supporter of renewable energy and believes it has a critical role to play …

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Brief
Clean Development Mechanism Background Note

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was established in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It is one of the three “flexibility mechanisms” established by the Kyoto Protocol in an attempt …

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Brief
Emissions Trading in the European Union

Recent discussions in the United States have raised questions about the performance of the European Union’s Emissions Trading System (ETS). Some argue that this cap-and-trade system has not significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions, has conferred windfall gains on firms receiving …

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Brief
Cap and Trade vs. Taxes

  Cap and trade and a carbon tax are two distinct policies aimed at reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.  Each approach has its vocal supporters.  Those in favor of cap and trade argue that it is the only approach that …

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Report
A Roadmap for U.S.-China Cooperation on Energy and Climate Change

This report presents a vision and a concrete roadmap for U.S.-China  collaboration focused on reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the effects of climate change. The report was produced in partnership between the Pew Center on Global Climate Change and …

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Paper
Summary Overview: USCAP Blueprint for Legislative Action

On January 15, 2009, the US Climate Action Partnership (USCAP) issued the Blueprint for Legislative Action – a detailed framework for legislation to address climate change. The Blueprint represents two years of work by USCAP members building on our January …

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Paper
A Blueprint for Legislative Action

In January 2007, we issued our Call for Action in which we joined together to call for “prompt enactment of national legislation in the United States to slow, stop and reverse the growth of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the …

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Brief
Addressing Competitiveness in U.S. Climate Change Policy

This brief examines policy options for addressing competitiveness concerns arising from the establishment of a mandatory domestic program to limit greenhouse gas emissions. These concerns center on energy-intensive industries that compete globally and could face higher costs under a domestic …

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Brief
Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Timetables

This brief describes issues relevant to the timetable for reducing U.S. emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) under a cap-and-trade program. The first issue is whether reductions are sufficiently deep to have a meaningful effect on the global climate. Scientific evidence …

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Brief
Greenhouse Gas Offsets in a Domestic Cap-and-Trade Program

This brief presents the key issues and identifies options for the incorporation of greenhouse gas (GHG) offsets into emerging U.S. climate change policy. A GHG offset represents a reduction, avoidance, destruction, or sequestration of GHG emissions from a source not …

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Scope of a Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Program

This brief describes issues involved in choosing the set of greenhouse gases (GHGs), emission sources, and sectors of the economy included in a cap-and-trade program. Trade-offs between three primary criteria determine whether a source should be included in a cap-and-trade …

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Brief
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Allowance Allocation

This policy brief outlines various options for distributing greenhouse gas emission allowances under a cap-and-trade program. Allowances represent a significant source of value and can be used to compensate firms or individuals affected by climate change policy or to raise …

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Brief
Tax Policies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

This brief outlines the motivation for and key features of a tax designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The two most commonly discussed market-based instruments for reducing GHG emissions are a cap-andtrade system and a GHG (carbon) tax. …

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Brief
Policies to Reduce Emissions from the Transportation Sector

This brief discusses public policy tools available to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector. Reducing GHG emissions from transportation, which comprise one third of total U.S. CO2 emissions, will need to be a key part of any …

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Brief
Addressing Emissions From Coal Use in Power Generation

Coal is a cheap and abundant resource, and carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal use is responsible for about 40 percent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fossil fuel use. The United States and China are by far the largest …

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Technology Policies to Address Climate Change

This brief presents public policy tools available to provide support for research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) of technologies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. An emissions price induced by a cap-and-trade program can provide an incentive to “pull” new technology …

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Brief
Climate Change Mitigation Measures in India

India is the world’s fourth largest economy and fifth largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter, accounting for about 5% of global emissions. India’s emissions increased 65% between 1990 and 2005 and are projected to grow another 70% by 2020.  On a …

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Paper
The 2008 Candidates and Climate Change: A Guide to Key Policy Positions

For the first time, both major party candidates for the presidency are deeply concerned about global climate change and publicly support a mandatory, economy-wide cap-and-trade system for reducing the U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to global climate change. …

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Ensuring Offset Quality

This paper aims to provide policymakers with practical recommendations regarding the integration of greenhouse gas (GHG) offsets into emerging regulatory systems. Offsets have an important role to play in controlling the costs associated with regulating and reducing GHGs, and in …

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Paper
Technology Funding in a Post-2012 Climate Framework – Background Note

In the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, developed countries commit generally to provide financial resources, including for the transfer of technology, needed by developing countries to fulfill their obligations under the Convention. In order to successfully support the adoption …

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Brief
Insights from Modeling Analyses of the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act

Models only provide a simplified view of our economy. In the case of the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act (S.2191), models can capture many of the key policy elements (e.g., the impacts of targets, timing, and offsets) but cannot incorporate all …

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Sectoral Approaches for a Post-2012 International Climate Framework – Background Note

Since climate change first emerged as an international issue in the late 1980s, a recurring policy question has been whether to address it on a comprehensive or a sector-by-sector basis. In recent years, sectoral approaches have received renewed attention and …

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Article
Biofuels for Transportation

This article appeared in CDM Investment Newsletter, 2007.

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Brief
Climate Change Mitigation Measures in the People’s Republic of China

China’s emissions are increasing rapidly with strong economic growth and rising energy demand. Emissions have grown by about 80% since 1990, driven heavily by increased consumption of electricity generated from coal. Much of China’s projected emissions growth will come from coal-fired …

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Paper
Call for Action

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Capturing the Emerging Market for Climate-Friendly Technologies: Opportunities for Ohio

Increasing certainty that humans are changing the earth’s climate through emissions of greenhouse gases is creating a new market for climate-friendly products and services. As states and nations begin to address climate change by regulating greenhouse gas emissions and encouraging …

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Brief
Building Solutions to Climate Change

This In-Brief describes how the built environment can make an important contribution to climate change mitigation while providing more livable spaces.  It concludes that with current technologies and the expansion of a few key policies, significant reductions in greenhouse gases …

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Market Mechanisms for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions: Lessons for California

California is currently considering legislation that would establish state-wide caps on greenhouse gas emissions. This paper is based on extensive research by the Pew Center and others on the use of market mechanisms to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It begins …

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Report
Agenda for Climate Action

Over the past seven years, the Pew Center has published more than 60 reports on the science, economics, solutions, and policy options related to global climate change. Over that time, the scientific consensus on this issue has only strengthened, but …

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International Efforts Beyond 2012 – Report of the Climate Dialogue at Pocantico

  This major report outlines options and recommendations for advancing the international climate change effort post-2012. The report is from the Climate Dialogue at Pocantico, a group of 25 senior policymakers and stakeholders from 15 countries convened by the Pew …

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Brief
The 10-50 Solution: Options For A Low-Carbon Future

Addressing the challenge of global climate change will require a significant reduction in annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the United States and throughout the world by 2050. This will necessitate a fundamental shift from an economy predominantly based on …

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The 10-50 Solution Technologies and Policies for a Low-Carbon Future

The Pew Center on Global Climate Change and the National Commission on Energy Policy (NCEP) are pleased to present the proceedings of our March 2004 workshop, The 10-50 Solution: Technologies and Policies for a Low-Carbon Future. In order to tackle …

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Climate Change Activities in the U.S.: 2004 Update

This recently updated publication provides an overview of climate-related efforts in the United States, including activity: In Congress, where in October 2003, the U.S. Senate for the first time voted on legislation that would cap U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions …

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Brief
U.S. Technology and Innovation Policies

Technological innovation on a global scale will be needed to mitigate global climate change. To significantly reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs), three types of technological innovations are needed: (1) more efficient technologies that use …

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Brief
Climate-Friendly Energy Policy: Options For The Near Term

The majority of U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions—84 percent—are in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2), resulting almost entirely from the combustion of fossil fuels. As a result, energy policies that reduce fossil fuel use will reduce GHG emissions. Fossil …

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Brief
Taking Climate Change into Account in U.S. Transportation

U.S. transportation is responsible for more than a quarter of U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This In Brief describes the options for reducing this contribution to global climate change. There are three fundamental ways to curb these emissions. Improve vehicle …

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Brief
The Timing Of Climate Change Policy

Over the past several decades, the scientific community has arrived at a consensus that the earth’s climate is being changed by human influences, most importantly the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other “greenhouse gases” (GHGs) into the atmosphere. The …

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Greenhouse Gas Reporting & Disclosure: Key Elements of a Prospective U.S. Program

A mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting and disclosure program is an essential first step in any effort to reduce U.S. GHG emissions. The program should be comprehensive, but should be implemented in phases to allow for the development of widely …

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Agriculture’s Role In Addressing Climate Change

Introduction Human activities are increasing atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. Evidence is growing that higher global temperatures, higher sea levels, and increased climatic variability, including changes in precipitation patterns and magnitudes, will result. These changes will affect agriculture by making …

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U.S. Domestic Response to Climate Change

Introduction The United States is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs), accounting for roughly 25 percent of global emissions. No strategy to address global climate change can ultimately succeed without substantial and permanent reductions in U.S. emissions. Voluntary …

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Market Mechanisms & Global Climate Change

There is growing evidence that providing businesses and consumers with market-based mechanisms for addressing environmental problems can achieve equal or better compliance while reducing costs and spurring technological innovation. In the context of climate change, countries have agreed to use …

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