Library

For a closer look at the issues and our work, here’s a searchable collection of C2ES reports, briefs, maps, videos, speeches, articles, testimony and other public comments.

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Map
Billion-Dollar Extreme Weather Events

Click on any circle to learn about one of the billion-dollar weather events, or any state to learn about billion-dollar droughts, between January 2000 and June 2019. Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Climatic Data Center. This map and …

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State of World Carbon Pricing

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Public Benefit Funds

Public Benefit Funds (PBF), also frequently referred to as system benefits charge, are state-level programs developed through the electric industry restructuring process. PBFs allocate most of their money to energy efficiency, renewable energy, and low-income assistance programs.  PBF-supported programs include …

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Factsheet
Carbon Pricing Proposals in the 116th Congress

There are various market-based approaches to pricing carbon (e.g. carbon tax, cap and trade, and a clean energy standard). All of these can reduce emissions cost-effectively while driving clean energy innovation. This factsheet compares six carbon tax and cap-and-dividend proposals …

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U.S. State Carbon Pricing Policies

Compared to command-and-control regulations, carbon pricing is a market-based mechanism that creates financial incentives to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Ten states that are home to over a quarter of the U.S. population and account for a third of U.S. …

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Factsheet
A Brief Guide to the Paris Agreement and ‘Rulebook’

The Paris Agreement enshrines global goals, national commitments and multilateral processes aimed at progressively strengthening the global effort against climate change. The agreement, adopted in 2015 under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), has since been ratified by …

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Report
Pathways to 2050: Scenarios for Decarbonizing the U.S. Economy

Climate change is among the most profound challenges of all time, confronting individuals, businesses, and governments across the globe. Meeting this challenge requires a sweeping, sustained effort over the coming decades. To successfully orient the global economy toward the goal …

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Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Programs

Local governments use Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) programs to help property owners finance renewable energy and energy efficiency improvements on residential and commercial properties. Commercial properties may include multi-family residential, industrial and agricultural properties. The PACE concept began as …

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Factsheet
Completing the Paris ‘Rulebook’: Key Article 6 Issues

The major piece of unfinished business in the Paris “rulebook” adopted at the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Katowice, Poland, was a set of detailed guidance for implementing Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. This includes guidance under Article 6.2 …

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Brief
What is Climate Resilience, and Why Does it Matter?

The scientific evidence is overwhelming: The climate is changing, and human activity is the primary factor in the acceleration of climate change over the past century. Regardless of how successful humans are at limiting the root causes of our warming …

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