Library

For a closer look at the issues and our work, here’s a searchable collection of C2ES reports, briefs, maps, videos, speeches, articles, testimony and other public comments.

Filter
View
Factsheet
Resilience Strategies for Drought

Across the United States, the risk of drought is expected to grow due to reduced precipitation and higher temperatures caused by climate change. Drought’s far-reaching impacts can ripple through communities, regions, watersheds, economies and ecosystems. This fact sheet overviews strategies …

View Details Download (pdf, 647 KB)

View
Factsheet
Accounting Approaches Under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement sets out a framework for all countries to decide on their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and subsequently demonstrate they have implemented them. Article 6 of the Paris Agreement recognizes that countries may collaborate in implementing their respective …

View Details Download (pdf, 628 KB)

View
Factsheet
Elaborating the Paris Agreement: Transparency of Finance

Increased climate finance for developing countries and enhanced transparency are two critical pillars of the Paris Agreement. The two intersect in the provisions of Article 9 (finance) and Article 13 (transparency), addressing the reporting and review of finance-related information. These …

View Details Download (pdf, 194 KB)

View
Factsheet
Elaborating the Paris Agreement: National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

A fundamental feature of the “enhanced transparency framework” established by Article 13 of the Paris Agreement is the regular provision by each party of a national inventory report of greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks. Article 13 …

View Details Download (pdf, 165 KB)

View
Factsheet
Resilience Strategies for Power Outages

A warming atmosphere is giving extra energy to storms, making the hurricanes, tornadoes, and thunderstorms of today more intense than those of the past. This trend is projected to accelerate in the years to come. These stronger storms are more …

View Details Download (pdf, 337 KB)

View
Factsheet
General Issues in Elaborating the Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement establishes a new multilateral architecture guiding countries’ climate change efforts under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Parties are currently negotiating more detailed rules and procedures for implementing the agreement, including provisions addressing transparency, accounting, …

View Details Download (pdf, 156 KB)

View
Factsheet
Accounting for Bottom-Up Trading Under the Paris Agreement

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement recognizes that countries may engage in different forms of international cooperation to achieve climate goals, and prescribes broad conditions for such cooperation if it is to count toward achievement of parties’ nationally determined contributions …

View Details Download (pdf, 320 KB)

View
Factsheet
Resilience Strategies for Flash Flooding

The United States is facing increasingly frequent and intense precipitation events and ever higher damages from flooding each year due to climate change and urbanization. Communities, counties, and states are responding by upgrading stormwater and sewage systems with a growing …

View Details Download (pdf, 919 KB)

View
Factsheet
Outcomes of the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Bonn

In the most significant test of the Paris Agreement since the United States announced its intent to withdraw, the U.N. climate talks in Bonn, Germany, made progress on the Paris “rulebook” to be adopted next year, but renewed clashes over …

View Details Download (pdf, 144 KB)

View
Factsheet
Resilience Strategies for Extreme Heat

Climate change is contributing to more frequent, severe, and longer heat waves during summer months across the United Sates. The number of heatwaves observed in 2011 and 2012 were triple the long-term average, and require planning for economic, health and …

View Details Download (pdf, 1 MB)