Library

For a closer look at the issues and our work, here’s a searchable collection of C2ES reports, briefs, maps, videos, speeches, articles, testimony and other public comments.

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Factsheet
Evolving Functions of the UNFCCC

Over its 25 history, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regime has grown tremendously in size and complexity. Much of this evolution has occurred from the bottom-up, through a series of ad hoc, incremental changes. After years of …

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Factsheet
Paris Climate Agreement Q&A

More than 190 nations meeting in Paris in December 2015 reached a landmark agreement to strengthen the global climate effort. The Paris Agreement commits countries to undertake “nationally determined contributions” and establishes mechanisms to hold them accountable and to strengthen …

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Factsheet
Carbon Pricing Proposals in the 116th Congress

There are various market-based approaches to pricing carbon (e.g. carbon tax, cap and trade, and a clean energy standard). All of these can reduce emissions cost-effectively while driving clean energy innovation. This factsheet compares eight carbon tax and cap-and-dividend proposals …

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A Brief Guide to the Paris Agreement and ‘Rulebook’

The Paris Agreement enshrines global goals, national commitments and multilateral processes aimed at progressively strengthening the global effort against climate change. The agreement, adopted in 2015 under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), has since been ratified by …

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Completing the Paris ‘Rulebook’: Key Article 6 Issues

The major piece of unfinished business in the Paris “rulebook” adopted at the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Katowice, Poland, was a set of detailed guidance for implementing Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. This includes guidance under Article 6.2 …

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Strengthening International Collaboration on Carbon Capture Use and Storage

Carbon capture use and storage (CCUS) technologies are critical to achieving global and national climate and energy goals1 In recent decades, industry and governments have achieved significant milestones in advancing CCUS technologies. There are now 18 large-scale CCUS facilities operating …

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Near-Term Federal Actions to Address Climate Change

A growing majority of Americans favor stronger government action to address climate change. Recent events demonstrate both the rising costs of climate change to U.S. communities and taxpayers and the economic benefits of a clean energy-transition. While the United States …

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Factsheet
Maximizing Benefits: Strategies for Community Resilience

American communities are facing growing and shifting climate risks. The evidence is in the growing costs of disasters which soared to more than $300 billion in 2017, breaking 2005’s record of $219 billion, according to NOAA data. Underlying these headline-making …

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Factsheet
Carbon Pricing Proposals in the 115th Congress

Carbon pricing offers a cost-effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ten states are already pricing carbon, and a number of states are considering similar action. This fact sheet summarizes and compares nine carbon pricing proposals introduced in the 115th …

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Factsheet
Key Insights into Prioritizing Resilience Strategies

Governments and businesses are acting to promote resilience to climate change impacts. However, resilience planning does not occur in a vacuum. Organizations have multiple goals, including satisfying stakeholders, meeting sustainability objectives, addressing traditional pollution issues, and advancing social equity—and they …

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