Paris Agreement

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The importance of the Global Goal on Adaptation at COP28
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Outcomes of the UN Climate Change Conference in Sharm El-Sheikh

Labeled the “implementation COP” for being the first conference held after the last of the Paris Agreement’s rulebook was agreed in Glasgow, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, …

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Knowns and unknowns for loss and damage post COP27
What does the COP26 Outcome on Article 6 Mean for Non-Party Stakeholders?

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement established a framework for countries to cooperate in achieving their climate commitments (nationally determined contributions, NDCs), using market mechanisms to enable greater ambition than they could achieve independently. The Paris Agreement implementing guidance finalized …

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The Santiago Network: Decision Options for COP27

This paper presents options for each of the elements of a possible decision on the Santiago Network (SN) to be adopted at the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27), based on the draft element text considered at 56th Subsidiary Body …

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The Institutional Ecosystem for Loss and Damage

Loss and damage (L&D) is a complex concept that raises difficult legal, political, scientific, and ethical questions. While Parties to both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement have not formally defined L&D, they …

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The focus on loss and damage will only increase