Library

For a closer look at the issues and our work, here’s a searchable collection of C2ES reports, briefs, maps, videos, speeches, articles, testimony and other public comments.

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Brief
Electrified Transportation for All: How Electrified Transportation Can Benefit Low-Income Communities

Transportation is responsible for most air pollution in urban areas and produces the most greenhouse gases of any U.S. economic sector. To reduce these emissions, cities and businesses are considering deploying electric vehicles, which produce no tailpipe emissions that would …

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Weathering the Next Storm: A Closer Look at Business Resilience, Executive Summary

Increased extreme weather and climate-related impacts are imposing significant costs on society and on companies. While businesses are increasingly taking steps to assess risks and prepare for future climate changes, many companies face internal and external challenges that hinder efforts …

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Beyond the Horizon: Corporate Reporting on Climate Change

This brief reviews the types of climate-related risks and opportunities that may impact companies and explores how and where companies currently disclose information about climate risks and opportunities, including some of the challenges associated with reporting. While many companies across a …

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The Business of Pricing Carbon: How Companies are Pricing Carbon to Mitigate Risks and Prepare for a Low-Carbon Future

Increasingly, companies across sectors and geographies are turning to an internal carbon price as one tool to help them reduce carbon emissions, mitigate climate-related business risks, and identify opportunities in the transition to a low-carbon economy. Establishing a carbon price …

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Strengthening Energy Efficiency Programs for Low-Income Communities

Energy efficiency programs offer an effective way to reduce energy consumption and address energy burden. These programs are particularly beneficial to low-income households, which spend a higher percentage of their income on energy bills. There are many energy efficiency programs …

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Containing the Costs of Climate Policy

This policy brief outlines various options for containing costs under a cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Although cap and trade is generally considered a more cost-effective approach than traditional regulation, excessive allowance prices are a concern. High …

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Interconnected: Canadian and U.S. Electricity

The U.S. and Canadian electric power grids are connected through 37 major transmission lines from New England to the Pacific Northwest. The interconnected North American power grid provides numerous benefits for Canada and the United States, including enhanced electric reliability, …

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Microgrid Momentum: Building Efficient, Resilient Power

Microgrids are not a traditional or typical infrastructure investment for utilities, nor has the existing electric power industry been structured to facilitate development of microgrids by non-utilities. This research paper seeks to identify financial and legal barriers to the development …

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Not-in-Kind Alternatives to High Global Warming HFCs

As parties to the Montreal Protocol consider an amendment to phase down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), one critical concern is the availability of zero- or low-global warming potential (low-GWP) alternatives to replace high-global warming potential (GWP) HFCs. While much of the attention …

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Brief
Legal Note: Could a Future President Reverse US Approval of the Paris Agreement?

Like other treaties, the Paris Agreement includes provisions spelling out the manner in which a party may choose to exercise its right to withdraw. This note summarizes these provisions; relevant provisions of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); …

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