Montreal Protocol

Filter
View
Factsheet
Accounting for Bottom-Up Trading Under the Paris Agreement

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement recognizes that countries may engage in different forms of international cooperation to achieve climate goals, and prescribes broad conditions for such cooperation if it is to count toward achievement of parties’ nationally determined contributions …

View Details Download (pdf, 320 KB)

Short-lived Climate Pollutants
View
Paper
HFO-1234yf: An Examination of Projected Long-Term Costs of Production

This paper seeks to inform the discussion on what the price of HFO-1234yf (2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene) might be over the longer term when application and process patents have expired, economy of scale is achieved at production facilities using the most efficient processes, …

View Details Download (pdf, 428 KB)

Blog Post
Nations agree on historic HFC phasedown
View
Brief
Not-in-Kind Alternatives to High Global Warming HFCs

As parties to the Montreal Protocol consider an amendment to phase down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), one critical concern is the availability of zero- or low-global warming potential (low-GWP) alternatives to replace high-global warming potential (GWP) HFCs. While much of the attention …

View Details Download (pdf, 715 KB)

Blog Post
A critical opportunity to build on the Paris Agreement
Blog Post
Advancing toward an HFC phasedown
View
Brief
Status of Legal Challenges: Patents Related to the use of HFO1234YF in Auto Air Conditioning

One of the key challenges identified by Parties to the Montreal Protocol as part of the Dubai Pathway on Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) relates to concerns raised about intellectual property rights. Because a large number of patents on low global warming potential …

View Details Download (pdf, 622 KB)

Blog Post
Advancing toward phasing down HFCs
View
Brief
Ten Myths About Intellectual Property Rights and the Montreal Protocol

This brief explores myths and facts about intellectual property rights as they are covered in the Montreal Protocol, an agreement to limit high global warming potential (GWP) gases.

View Details Download (pdf, 299 KB)