Companies around the world are taking climate action by instituting their own internal price on carbon. An internal price places a monetary value on greenhouse gas emissions, which businesses can then factor into investment decisions and business operations.
Companies use internal carbon pricing as a strategy to manage climate-related business risks and prepare for a transition to a low-carbon economy. Some sectors such as oil and gas, minerals and mining, and electric power have been using internal carbon pricing as part of their risk mitigation strategy since the 1990s. Some companies use internal pricing to help them prepare for future policies restricting carbon emissions.
Companies say that internal carbon pricing gives them an incentive to shift investments to low-carbon alternatives. It also helps them achieve their greenhouse gas targets, address shareholder concerns about disclosure, build resilient supply chains, gain a competitive edge, and showcase corporate leadership.
According to 2016 disclosures to CDP (formerly the Carbon Disclosure Project), more than 1,200 companies worldwide are either pursuing internal carbon pricing or preparing to do so. While most of those companies are based in North America and Europe, the sharpest increase is in emerging economies, including India, Brazil, Mexico, and China.