Climate-related Financial Risks and Opportunities: A Primer for Local Governments

Local governments across the United States are bearing increasing costs of extreme weather disasters while facing a global transition to a low-carbon economy. Equipped with more information on how these and other climate-related factors present financial risks and opportunities, local …

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Outcomes of the UN Climate Change Conference in Sharm El-Sheikh

Labeled the “implementation COP” for being the first conference held after the last of the Paris Agreement’s rulebook was agreed in Glasgow, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, …

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Unlocking Precision Agriculture’s Climate Potential

For decades, a precision agriculture (PA) revolution has been ‘just around the corner,’ promising to transform American agriculture. While precision technologies—including variable rate applications, soil sensors, autosteering systems, and others—have significant potential to improve environmental outcomes, they have yet to …

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A Building Block for Climate Action: Reporting on Embodied Emissions

Greenhouse gases can be emitted across various stages of a product’s life cycle, from raw materials and manufacturing to disposal. These emissions are often referred to as a product’s “embodied emissions.” Currently, the most common way of reporting product-level data …

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COP27: Issues and Options for a Global Goal on Adaptation

Adaptation continues to be a high priority, and the delivery on adaptation-related topics and mandates will be integral to achieving a successful outcome at COP27. Adaptation under the Paris Agreement has several important features that together create a system that …

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What does the COP26 Outcome on Article 6 Mean for Non-Party Stakeholders?

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement established a framework for countries to cooperate in achieving their climate commitments (nationally determined contributions, NDCs), using market mechanisms to enable greater ambition than they could achieve independently. The Paris Agreement implementing guidance finalized …

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COP27: Considerations for a Loss & Damage Finance Facility

This paper explores options for loss and damage (L&D) finance under the current and proposed mechanisms of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change  and is complemented by a prior paper on The Institutional Ecosystem for L&D. There are a …

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COP27: The Mitigation Work Programme & The Ministerial Roundtable

To be most effective, the Mitigation Work Programme (MWP) could usefully aim to:  generate discussions that are facilitative, constructive, innovative, and catalytic  be inclusive and ensure a diversity of participation, including by policymakers and implementers  generate clear signals in support …

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An ICJ Advisory Opinion on Climate Change: Ten Questions and Answers

In recent years, the role of climate change litigation has become increasingly prominent. Thus far, most climate cases have been brought in national courts, but there is also growing interest in the role of international courts and tribunals in addressing …

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The Santiago Network: Decision Options for COP27

This paper presents options for each of the elements of a possible decision on the Santiago Network (SN) to be adopted at the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27), based on the draft element text considered at 56th Subsidiary Body …

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