The Paris Agreement

Negotiators gather for COP 21 in Paris, December 2015. Image courtesy of the UNFCCC, via Flickr.


The Paris Agreement, reached Dec. 12, 2015, is a pragmatic deal that holds countries accountable and builds ambition over time. 

Here are key resources on the Paris Agreement and events leading up to it.

Summary of the Paris Agreement

Core elements of the agreement include commitments on emissions, adaptation, finance and transparency, and steps to promote carbon trading.

Paris Agreement Statement

The real and rising risks of climate change, and the opportunities of a clean energy economy not only drove the Paris Agreement, but will keep encouraging stronger action and investment.

A Primer on the Paris Climate Agreement

From the objectves, to INDCs to building ambition over time and ensuring accountability, we have the answers to questions on the history of the U.N. climate talks, key issues legal ramifications, implications for U.S. acceptance, and the next steps.

Toward 2015 Dialogue

Read a seminal report from the co-chairs of C2ES’s Toward 2015 dialogue, which brought together top negotiators from two dozen countries for a series of candid, in-depth discussions that forged common ground on key issues for Paris.

Business Support for the Paris Agreement

Businesses strongly support continued U.S. Participation in th Paris Agreement. In April 2017, more than a dozen companies across the economy sent President Trump a letter organized by C2ES, urging him to remain in the agreement. They believe continued U.S. participation in the agreement would help them manage rising climate risks and compete in growing global clean energy markets.

Achieving the United States' Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

This C2ES analysis shows that the U.S. economy-wide target of reducing net greenhouse gas emissions 26 to 28 percent below 2005 levels by 2025 could be met with additional policies, technological advances, and stronger action by cities and companies.

Legal Options for U.S. Acceptance

This C2ES legal analysis examines whether the Paris Agreement can be accepted by the president under executive authority or must be approved by Congress.

COP 21 Initiatives

The 2015 Paris Climate Conference generated an unprecedented showing of action and support from all levels of society. Here is a sampling of the many initiatives launched in Paris by companies, city state and local governments, and other non-state actors.

C2ES Blog Posts:

C2ES Policy Briefs:

Elliot Diringer briefs the Business Roundtable and members of the C2ES Business Environmental Leadership Council on the Paris Agreement