Carbon Pricing Proposals in the 116th Congress

There are various market-based approaches to pricing carbon (e.g. carbon tax, cap and trade, and a clean energy standard). All of these can reduce emissions cost-effectively while driving clean energy innovation. This factsheet compares eight carbon tax and cap-and-dividend proposals introduced in the 116th Congress (2019–2020). The eight proposals are:

  • The Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Act of 2019 (H.R.763) introduced by Reps. Ted Deutch (D-Fla.) and Francis Rooney (R-Fla.) on Jan. 24, 2019;
  • The Healthy Climate and Family Security Act of 2019 (S.940 and H.R.1960) introduced by Sen. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.) and Rep. Don Beyer (D-Va.) on March 28, 2019;
  • The American Opportunity Carbon Fee Act of 2019 (S.1128) reintroduced by Sens. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.), Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii), Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.), and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) on April 10, 2019;
  • The Climate Action Rebate Act of 2019 (S.2284 and H.R.4051) introduced by Sens. Chris Coons (D-Del.) and Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), and Rep. Jimmy Panetta (D-Calif.) on July 25, 2019;
  • The Stemming Warming and Augmenting Pay Act of 2019 (H.R.4058) introduced by Reps. Francis Rooney (R-Fla.) and Dan Lipinski (D-Ill.) on July 25, 2019;
  • The Raise Wages, Cut Carbon Act of 2019 Act of 2019 (H.R.3966) introduced by Reps. Dan Lipinski (D-Ill.) and Francis Rooney (R-Fla.) on July 25, 2019;
  • The America Wins Act of 2019 (H.R.4142) introduced by Rep. John Larson (D-Conn.) on August 2, 2019; and
  • The Modernizing America with Rebuilding to Kickstart the Economy of the Twenty-first Century with a Historic Infrastructure-Centered Expansion Act of 2019 introduced Reps. Ryan Fitzpatrick (R-Pa.) and Salud Carbajal (D-Calif.) on September 26, 2019.