Paris Agreement

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Elaborating the Paris Agreement: Communicating and Reporting on Adaptation

The Paris Agreement places greater emphasis on adaptation than previous agreements under the UNFCCC. It sets a global adaptation goal, commits parties to undertake adaptation planning and action, commits developed countries to provide adaptation support, and provides for parties to …

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Essential Elements of the Paris ‘Rulebook’

The Paris Agreement represents a decisive turning point in the global response to climate change. Through an innovative hybrid structure blending “top-down” and “bottom-up” elements, the Agreement has achieved near-universal participation, and has the potential to facilitate rising global ambition. …

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Outlining Essential Elements of the Paris ‘Rulebook’
The Paris Agreement Presents a Flexible Approach for U.S. Climate Policy

This article first appeared in Volume 11, Number 4 of the Carbon and Climate Law Review. The Paris Agreement was specifically designed to provide sovereign nations with the flexibility they need to craft their own greenhouse gas reduction plans. The …

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Accounting Approaches Under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement sets out a framework for all countries to decide on their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and subsequently demonstrate they have implemented them. Article 6 of the Paris Agreement recognizes that countries may collaborate in implementing their respective …

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Elaborating the Paris Agreement: Transparency of Finance

Increased climate finance for developing countries and enhanced transparency are two critical pillars of the Paris Agreement. The two intersect in the provisions of Article 9 (finance) and Article 13 (transparency), addressing the reporting and review of finance-related information. These …

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Elaborating the Paris Agreement: National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

A fundamental feature of the “enhanced transparency framework” established by Article 13 of the Paris Agreement is the regular provision by each party of a national inventory report of greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks. Article 13 …

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The Paris Agreement