International

Climate change is a global challenge that requires global solutions. Efforts like the Paris Agreement strengthen confidence that all countries are doing their share, helping each country do even more.

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Putting the UNFCCC to the test
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Patents and the Role of the Multilateral Fund

Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer are considering actions to phase down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) because of their contributions to climate change. One important issue raised by Article 5 Parties is the concern that patents on …

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Brief
Technological Change in the Production Sector under the Montreal Protocol

With negotiations under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal Protocol) considering limits on hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) as potent greenhouse gases, this paper examines past transitions during the relatively short, but dynamic history of this international treaty. …

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New commitments to reduce HFCs show leadership
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What would a “legal” agreement in Paris look like?
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The Paris talks: Looking behind the scenes
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Breaking through the Montreal Protocol stalemate
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Factsheet
China’s Contribution to the Paris Climate Agreement

Based on analysis by some of the world’s leading  energy institutes, China’s INDC represents a significant undertaking beyond business-as-usual and will help slow the rise in global greenhouse gas emissions. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), International Energy …

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Paper
Vision for Paris: Building an Effective Climate Agreement

This report outlines the emerging elements of a Paris climate agreement based on in-depth discussions among senior climate negotiators from leading countries. The report foresees a durable legal agreement that sets binding commitments for all parties, holds countries accountable, and …

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China’s provinces learn how to reduce emissions with trading