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Physical Risk Toolkit

Purpose

This toolkit is intended to assist companies in understanding what types of data and information providers are available in undertaking physical climate risk assessment. This toolkit is primarily focused on U.S.-based information and features publicly available resources drawn from federal and academic sources. Several tools from private organizations that are well-used by both private and public stakeholders are also included. C2ES does not necessarily endorse the proprietary, private resources that incorporate publicly available government-provided data listed under the “Organizations and Providers” tab. This tool serves to generally identify further analysis resources for companies.

Methodology

This toolkit was assembled from web-searches of publicly available resources in 2022 and with feedback from companies during our 2021 project examining how they measure and assess their climate-related risks.

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36 results

Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas

Aqueduct's global water risk mapping tool helps companies, investors, governments, and other users understand where and how water risks and opportunities are emerging worldwide.

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HistoricProjectionGlobalLocalWater scarcityFloodingAnalytical insightsEasyMapWRIPrivate
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Billion Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

List and map with information on extreme weather events in the U.S. costing at least $1 billion each (1980-present).

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HistoricNationalStateDroughtFloodingFreezeTropical cycloneWildfireWinter stormSimplified climate dataEasyMapChartNOAAPublic
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Climate Adaptation Science Center Data and Tools

Archive of tools and data generated in CASC projects, covering topics including drought, fire, and extreme weather.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousAir temperaturePrecipitationWildfireDroughtRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsMediumMapChartUSGSPublic
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Climate Atlas of Canada

Climate projection data and future change maps for temperature, precipitation, and agricultural variables.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationRaw climate dataMediumMapUniversity of WinnipegPublic
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Climate Central Coastal Screening tool

Describes level of water inundation under different climate scenarios.

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ProjectionGlobalSub-localLand elevationRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataEasyMapClimate CentralPublic
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Climate Change Adaptation Resource Center

Tools and information for physical climate risk assessment, covering air quality, water management, waste management & emergency response, and public health.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousDroughtSea levelFloodingAir temperatureRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsMediumMapChartEPAPublic
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Climate Change Indicators

Set of indicators related to the causes and effects of climate change, including weather and climate, oceans, snow and ice, health and society, and ecosystems indicators.

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HistoricNationalNationalAir temperaturePrecipitationFloodingTropical cycloneDroughtOcean temperatureSea surface temperatureSea levelEcosystemsSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsEasyMapChartEPAPublic
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Climate Change Resource Centers

Visualization and assessment tools covering climate change impacts on forests and other ecosystems.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousForestsSea levelTemperaturePrecipitationEcosystemsRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsMediumMapChartUSDAPublic
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Climate Data Gateway at National Center for Atmospheric Research

Archive of global and regional datasets and visualization tools.

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HistoricProjectionGlobalLocalVariousAir temperatureTropical cycloneOzoneRaw climate dataExpertMapChartNSFPublic
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Climate Data Guide

Community-authored guide to climate data sets including atmospheric analyses, satelite data, and climate indices.

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HistoricProjectionGlobalLocalAir temperatureOcean temperaturePrecipitationWetlandsRaw climate dataAnalytical insightsExpertMapChartNational Center for Atmospheric ResearchPublicPrivate
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Climate Data Online

Archive of global historical weather and climate data and station history information, including temperature, precipitation, wind, and degree days as well as radar data and 30-year Climate Normals.

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HistoricProjectionGlobalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationWindRaw climate dataMediumMapNOAA - National Centers for Environmental InformationPublic
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Climate Explorer

Provides graphs and maps of historical and projected (RCP 4.5, 8.5) climate variables for any county in the contiguous US.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationFloodingRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsMediumMapChartU.S. Global Change Research ProgramNOAAPublic
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Climate Prediction Center Outlooks

Seasonal outlook maps for precipitation and temperature outlooks for lower 48 states.

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ProjectionNationalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationSimplified climate dataEasyMapNOAAPublic
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Climate Resilience Toolkit

Hub of government and non-governmental tools, visualizations, and information across climate hazards.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousSea levelFloodingAgricultureWildfireExtreme heatSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsMediumMapChartU.S. Global Change Research ProgramNOAANCEIPublic
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Climate Toolbox

Data and visualization tools featuring weather, climate, hydrological, and streamflow data.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousAir temperatureDroughtWildfireStreamflowAgricultureHumidityForestsRaw climate dataMediumMapChartNOAAUSDAPublic
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Cooperative Observer Network

Temperature and precipitation avg. min max over 1 month to a year for county region state continental U.S. from February 2001-present.

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HistoricNationalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationWindSoil temperatureEvaporationRaw climate dataMediumChartNOAAPublic
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Copernicus Climate Data Store

Archive of climate datasets across atmosphere, land, and ocean indicators.

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HistoricProjectionGlobalLocalVariousPrecipitationSea levelRaw climate dataExpertMapChartClimate Change ServicePublic
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Daily U.S. Snowfall and Snowdepth

30- (and 15-) year averages of meteorological parameters (temperature precipitation etc.) updated every 10 years.

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HistoricNationalLocalSnowSimplified climate dataMediumMapChartNOAAPublic
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Downscaled CMIP3 and CMIP5 Climate and Hydrology Projections

Archive of fine spatial resolution translations of climate and hydrologic projections over the contiguous U.S. developed using downscaling techniques.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalPrecipitationAir temperatureRaw climate dataMediumMapChartUSGSUSACEPublic
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Flood Factor Model

Tool to identify property-level risk of flooding.

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HistoricProjectionNationalSub-localFloodingAnalytical insightsEasyMapChartFirst Street FoundationPrivate
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Global Change Explorer

Collection of web tools with spatial data that describe potential future environmental change across air, water, ecosystems, and human health indicators.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousAir temperatureWatershedsWetlandsEcosystemsSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsMediumMapChartEPAPublic
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Heatwaves: Number of deadly heat days

Visualizes the number of deadly heat days under different climate scenarios.

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ProjectionGlobalLocalExtreme heatRaw climate dataMediumMapUniversity of HawaiiPublic
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IPCC AR6 Sea level Projection Tool

Sea level rise projections through 2150 for many coastal cities across the globe.

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ProjectionGlobalLocalSea levelSimplified climate dataEasyMapChartNASAPublic
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Multivariate Adaptive Constructed Analogs

Statistical downscaling of 20 global climate models of the Coupled Model Inter-Comparison Project 5 (CMIP5), covering variables including temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousAir temperaturePrecipitationHumidityWindRaw climate dataExpertMapChartNOAAPublic
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NCEI Data Products

Archive of all of NCEI's data products, including climate data records, severe weather, and meteorology, among others.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousDroughtWildfireTropical cycloneOcean temperatureRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsMediumMapChartNOAAPublic
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National Climate Assessment

Information and tools on observed climate changes, current status of the climate, and anticipated trends for eight geographic regions, coasts, and ocean and marine resources of the U.S.

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HistoricProjectionNationalRegionalVariousSea levelExtreme heatForestsAgricultureRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataAnalytical insightsEasyMediumMapChartU.S. Global Change Research ProgramPublic
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National Climate Change Viewer

Visualization of climate and water projections derived from downscaled Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5) models for the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 and RCP8.5.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationVapor pressure deficitSnow water equivalentRunoffSoil water storageEvaporative deficitSimplified climate dataMediumMapChartUSGSNASAPublic
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National Integrated Drought Information System

U.S. drought forecasts and links to tools visualizing changes in temperature, precipitation, and soil moisture, among other indicators.

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ProjectionNationalLocalDroughtSimplified climate dataEasyMapNOAAPublic
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National temperature and precipitation maps

Temperature and precipitation avg., min, max over 1 month to a year for county, region, state, continental U.S. from February 2001-present.

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HistoricNationalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationSimplified climate dataEasyMapNOAAPublic
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Physical Science Laboratory Database

Archive of data ranging from gridded climate datasets to real-time wind profiler data at a single location.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalVariousOcean temperatureDroughtPrecipitationAir temperatureRaw climate dataSimplified climate dataExpertMapChartNOAAPublic
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Regional Climate Change Viewer

Visualization of model output from the Dynamical Downscaling project, which provides high-resolution climate data (e.g., air temperature, precipitation soil moisture snow water equivalent growing degree days and evapotranspiration).

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ProjectionNationalLocalAir temperaturePrecipitationSoil moistureSnowEvapotranspirationSimplified climate dataMediumMapUSGSPublic
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Sea level Rise Viewer

Screening-level tool for U.S. Sea level rise and coastal flooding impacts.

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ProjectionRegionalSub-localSea levelFloodingSimplified climate dataEasyMapNOAAPublic
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Snowfall extremes

1-2-3-day maximum snowfall for each county in the U.S.

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HistoricNationalLocalSnowSimplified climate dataEasyMapChartNOAAPublic
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Storm Surge Innundation Map

Illustrates historical hurricane tracks, strike frequency, and potential areas of coastal flooding and inundation from storms.

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HistoricProjectionNationalSub-localFloodingTropical cycloneAnalytical insightsEasyMapEPAPublic
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Tides and Currents

Observed data and predictions for tides/water levels, currents, meteorological data, coastal and Great Lakes conditions.

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HistoricProjectionNationalLocalFloodingRaw climate dataEasyMapChartNOAAPublic
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U.S. Climate Normals

30- (and 15-) year averages of meteorological parameters (temperature precipitation etc.) updated every 10 years.

Tags
HistoricNationalSub-localAir temperaturePrecipitationSnowSimplified climate dataMediumMapChartNOAAPublic
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