Comparison of INDCs

COMPARISON TABLE OF SUBMITTED INDCs (AS OF DECEMBER 21, 2015)

Major-emitting countries are listed first, according to their contribution to total annual global GHG emissions.  Countries accounting for less than 0.1 percentage of global emissions are listed alphabetically.

To date 160 INDCs from 187 countries, accounting for over 90 percent of global emissions have been submitted.[1]

 

Country

Base Level

Reduction Target

Target Year

Sectors and Gases

Use of international markets?

Land-use inclusion/accounting method:

China

 

 

2005

Emissions peaking

 

60-65 percent (carbon intensity)

2030 (or before)

 

2030

Not Specified

Not Specified

Target to increase forest stock volume by around 4.5 billion cubic meters on the 2005 level; accounting methodology not specified.

United States

2005

26-28 percent

2025

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

All of the IPCC Sectors ( Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste)

No

Yes, using a “net-net” approach

EU

1990

40 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste

No

Policy on land-use accounting to be decided prior to 2020

India

2005

33-35 percent (carbon intensity)

2030

Not specified

Not mentioned

Not specified

Russia

1990

25-30 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste

No

Target depends on the “maximum absorption capacity of forests.” – implies it will be included.

Japan

2005

2013

25.4 percent

26 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, Industrial Processes and Product Use, Agriculture, Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry, Waste

The amount of emission reductions and removals acquired by Japan under the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) will be appropriately counted as Japan’s reduction.

Removals by LULUCF sector are accounted in line with approaches equivalent to those under the Kyoto Protocol.

Korea

Business as Usual (BAU)

37 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6,

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture and waste

Will use market mechanisms partly, in accordance with relevant rules and standards.

A decision will be made at a later stage on whether to include greenhouse gas emissions and sinks of the land sector as well as the method for doing so.

Canada

2005

30 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

All of the IPCC Sectors ( Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste)

Yes

Yes, using a net-net approach; use a “production approach” to account for harvested wood products; exclude emissions from natural disturbances

Iran

BAU

4 percent (unconditional)

12 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Not specified

Will participate in market mechanisms

Land-sector not included

Saudi Arabia

Unconditionally contribute policy measures and actions which will achieve an estimated 130 MtCO2e reduction annually by 2030.

CO2, CH4

Energy

Not mentioned

Land-use not included

Brazil

2005

37 percent

43 percent (indicative)

2025

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6,

 

Any transfer of units resulting achieved in Brazil subject to prior and formal consent by the Federal Government.

Will not recognize units originating from Brazil established outside Convention, Kyoto Protocol, or Paris Agreement

Inventory based approach for estimating and accounting, as appropriate, removals in accordance with applicable IPCC guidelines.

 

Mexico

BAU

25 percent (unconditional)

40 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, Black Carbon.

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste

Conditional target contingent on fully functional bilateral, regional and international market mechanisms

Land-use included; accounting methodology not specified

Indonesia

BAU

29 percent (unconditional)

41 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N20

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste

Will meet its unconditional commitment regardless of market mechanisms, but Indonesia would welcome them.

Inventory based on 2006 IPCCC guidelines, and IPCCC guidelines for greenhouse gases from land-use sector.

Australia

2005

26-28 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, land use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

UNFCCC inventory reporting categories using a net-net approach.

South Africa

N/A

Emissions peaking

(398 - 614 Mt CO2e)

2025

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, land use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

AFOLU included. The greater uncertainty in AFOLU emissions should be noted, as well as the intention to reduce uncertainty over time.

Turkey

BAU

21 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, industrial processes and products use, agriculture, land use land-use change and forestry, waste

Turkey aims to use carbon credits from international market mechanisms to achieve its 2030 mitigation target

IPCC 2006 Guidelines and IPCCC 2013 guidelines for wetlands

Ukraine

1990

40 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, land use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Ukraine will participate actively in existing and new international market mechanisms.

An approach to including the land use, will be defined no later than 2020

Thailand

BAU

20 percent (unconditional)

25 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, waste

Continue to explore the potential of bilateral, regional and international market mechanisms

Land-use and forestry will be considered later

Kazakhstan

1990

15 percent (unconditional)

25 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Energy, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Kazakhstan supports inclusion of market based mechanisms recognized by the UNFCCC.

Will consider discounting international units to ensure net emission reductions.

IPCC 2006 Guidelines and IPCCC 2013 guidelines for wetlands and under the Kyoto Protocol.

Egypt

A series of policies and measures across sectors, including energy subsidy phase out, requiring international support to implement

Not specified

Energy

A national market for carbon trading may be established. This national market may further be developed into a regional market.

Land-use not included

Malaysia

2005

35 percent (emissions intensity; unconditional)

45 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

2006 IPCCC Guidelines from 2017 onwards

Argentina

BAU

15 percent (unconditional)

30 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Energy, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

IPCC 1996 Guidelines and national GHG inventories

Venezuela

BAU

20 percent (conditional)

2030

Not Specified

Transport, health, biological diversity, Forestry

No

Land-use included, accounting methodology not specified.

United Arab Emirates

A series of policies and actions, including an increase of clean energy to 24 percent of the total energy mix by 2021

Not specified

Energy, transport, waste

Not mentioned

Land-sector not included

Vietnam

BAU

8 percent (unconditional)

25 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Energy, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

IPCC Guidelines and national GHG inventories

Pakistan

Pakistan will seek to peak its emissions, subject to domestic capacity and international support, but will only put forward specific commitments when better data is available.

Not specified

Not mentioned

Not mentioned

Algeria

BAU

7 percent (unconditional)

up to 22 percent
(conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes and product use, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

Not mentioned

Philippines

BAU

70 percent

2030

Not specified

Not Mentioned

2006 IPCC Guidelines

Chile

2007

30 percent (carbon intensity) (unconditional)

35-45 percent (carbon intensity) (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs

Energy, industrial processes and uses, solvent use, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Does not rule out the use of market-based mechanisms to fulfil its INDC

Land-use included; accounting methodology not specified

Qatar

Economic diversification and adaptation actions with mitigation co-benefits to be undertaken from 2021 to 2030.

Not specified

Not mentioned

Land-sector not included

Israel

2005 (10.4tCO2e per capita)

8.8tCO2e per capita

7.7tCO2e per capita

2025


2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Energy, transport, industrial processes, buildings, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use not included

Belarus

1990

28 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Power, industrial processes, solvent use, agriculture, waste

No

Land-use not included

Oman

A series of sector-specific emissions reductions and new legislation to support technologies by 2030.

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs

Energy, industrial processes, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use not included

Colombia

BAU

20 percent (unconditional)

30 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

All of the IPCC Sectors ( Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste)

Colombia will explore the use of market instruments

 

The AFOLU sector (agriculture, forestry and other land uses) is included in the economy-wide target.

Nigeria

BAU

20 percent (unconditional)

45 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, transport, agriculture, forestry

Not mentioned

Forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Turkmenistan

Stabilization or decrease in GHG emissions by 2030, depending on level of international support

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

IPCC 2003 Good Practice Guidelines for LULUCF

Bangladesh

BAU

5 percent (unconditional)

15 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Power, transport, industry

Does not rule out the use of international market-based mechanisms in line with agreed modalities and accounting rules.

Land-use not included

Morocco

BAU

13 percent

32 percent (Conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial, agriculture, LULUCF and waste

Does not exclude possibility of using market mechanisms to meet its INDC

Land-use included; accounting methodology not specified

Singapore

 

2005

 

Emissions Peaking

36 percent (emissions intensity)

 

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, land use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Intends to achieve INDC through domestic efforts, but will continue to study the potential of international market mechanisms.

Singapore has begun monitor and report carbon storage and carbon fluxes related to land use change and forestry.

Peru

BAU

20 percent (unconditional)

30 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N20

Energy, industrial processes and product use, transport, land-use and forestry, waste

Not currently under consideration for compliance with Peru’s INDC. However, Peru is considering selling international credits.

2010 GHG inventory used as basis for forestry projections.

Serbia

1990

9.8 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

“In accordance with IPCC 2006 guidelines and 2013 KP supplement”

Not specified

Not specified

Switzerland

1990

35 percent

50 percent

2025

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); waste

Yes, including CDM

Kyoto accounting methodology will be used.

Trinidad and Tobago

BAU

30 percent (unconditional; public transport only)

15 percent (conditional; total GHG emissions)

2030

CO2, CH4, N20

Transportation, power generation and industry

Not mentioned

Forestry sector excluded

Norway

1990 emissions

At least 40 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste

No, if collective agreement with the EU is in place.

Yes, if Norway fulfils commitment individually

Dependent on EU decision on land-use. If implemented individually, will include land-use

Ecuador

BAU

20.4–25 percent (unconditional)

37.5-45.8 percent (conditional)

2025

Not specified

Energy, forestry

Not mentioned

Not specified

New Zealand

2005

30 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, Industrial processes and product use, Agriculture, Forestry and other land use, Waste

Unrestricted access to global carbon markets that enable trading and use of a wide variety of units that meet reasonable standards and guidelines

Land-use included, Accounting will be land or activity-based.

Azerbaijan

1990

35 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, CF4

Energy, agriculture, LULUCF, waste

Not mentioned

1996 IPCC Guideliens

Cuba

Conditional policies and projects prioritizing the energy and agricultural sectors to 2030.  Depending on outcome of Paris negotiations, Cuba will study the possibility of communicating indicative targets in other interim periods.

Not specified

No

Not specified

Bahrain

There are strategies, plans and actions which may contribute to low greenhouse gas emission development:

Not specified

Not mentioned

Land-sector not included

Tunisia

2010

13 percent (carbon intensity; unconditional)

41 percent (carbon intensity; conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy; industrial processes; agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU); waste

Tunisia would like to use carbon market mechanisms in addition to direct financial support, for specific programs.

 

The baseline assumes continuation of the reforestation trend and conservation measures.

Jordan

BAU

1.5 percent (unconditional)

14 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6, PFCs, HFCs

Energy (including transport), waste, industrial processes, agriculture and land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and solvents

Wish to increase involvement in carbon markets.

LULUCF included, no accounting methodology specified.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

BAU

2 percent (unconditional)

23 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Conditional emission reduction is only possible with international support.

The Revised IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories of 1996, IPCC 2003 Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF

Lebanon

BAU

15 percent (unconditional)

30 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6, PFCs, HFCs

Energy, industrial processes and other product use, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, and waste.

While at present, their use is not envisaged, Lebanon does not exclude the possibility of using international market mechanisms

Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines, and good practice for LULUCF

Yemen

BAU

1 percent (unconditional)

14 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

Land-sector not included

Dominican Republic

2010

25 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, , land use, land-use change and forestry, waste

There is potential for market mechanisms in the future. They must ensure environmental integrity nationally and internationally

Land-use included, accounting methodology not specified

Angola

BAU

20 and 35 percent

27 and 50 percent (conditional, then unconditional)

2025

2030

Not mentioned

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry

Not mentioned

Land-sector included, no accounting methodology specified.

Bolivia

A series of policies and measures, some unconditional and conditional on support

Not specified

Energy, forestry and agriculture, water

Not mentioned

Forestry included, no accounting methodology specified.

Afghanistan

BAU

13.6 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, natural resource management, agriculture, waste management and mining

Not mentioned

Land-sector excluded

Albania

BAU

11.5 percent

2030

CO2

Energy, industrial processes

Albania intends to sell carbon credits during the period until 2030, conditional on effective accounting rules developed under the UNFCCC.

Land-sector excluded

Andorra

BAU

37 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6

Energy and Waste

No

Land-sector excluded

Antigua and Barbuda

Implement a series of conditional and unconditional policy measures for mitigation and adaptation up to 2030.

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs

Energy, health, tourism, agriculture, waste, water, transportation, forestry and land-use change.

Market mechanisms play an important role, including a renewed and reformed CDM

2006 IPCC Guidelines

Armenia

Strive to reach “ecosystem neutrality”

2050

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs

Energy, transport, urban development, industrial processes, land-use and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

Forest cover projections use data from Armenia’s first National Communication, and reflect government policies.

Bahamas

Achieve a minimum of 30 percent renewables by 2030, establish a permanent forest reserve, requiring international support

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, forestry

Not mentioned

1996 IPCC Guidelines

Barbados

BAU

37 percent (interim)

44 percent

2025


2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, SF6

Energy, industrial processes and product use,  agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)

2006 IPCC Guidelines

Benin

BAU

3.5 percent (unconditional)

21.4 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N20

Energy, agriculture, forestry

Not mentioned

1996 IPCC revised guidelines for forestry and land-use accounting.

Belize

Policies and measures, dependent on international financial and technology support

CO2

Energy, land-use, land-use change and forestry

Will explore the use of CDM and other UNFCCC market mechanisms

Greenhouse gas emission reduction from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry not yet determined.

Bhutan

Bhutan intends to remain carbon neutral through a series of policies and measures

Not specified

Energy, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use and forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Botswana

2010

15 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, waste

Botswana will use market mechanisms under the convention

Land-use sector excluded

Brunei

Energy, transport and forestry sector emission reduction targets

Not specified

Energy, transportation, forestry

Not mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Burkina Faso

BAU

6.6 percent (unconditional)

18.2 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N20,

Energy, agriculture, waste

 

Not mentioned

Land-use sector excluded

Burundi

BAU

3 percent (unconditional)

20 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, forestry

Not mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Cabo Verde

Unconditional and conditional pledges in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sectors by 2025

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, transport, waste, AFOLU

Not mentioned

GHG inventory using IPCC 2006 inventories

Cambodia

Policies and measures in the energy and LULUCF (conditional) sectors

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, land-use, land-use change and forestry

Not mentioned

Will be updated after the release of REDD+ Strategy

Cameroon

BAU

32 percent

2035

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, forestry, waste

Note mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Central African Republic

BAU

5 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, solvent use, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Chad

BAU

18.2 percent (unconditional)

71 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, land-use and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

GHG inventory using IPCC 2006 inventories

Comoros

BAU

84 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Congo

BAU

48 percent

55 percent

2025

2035

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, land-use and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

GHG inventory using IPCC 2006 inventories

Cook Islands

2006

38 percent (unconditional)

81 percent (conditional)

2020

CO2

Electricity generation

Not mentioned

Land-sector not included

Costa Rica

Net emissions limit

BAU

2012

9,374,000 MTCO2e


44 percent

25 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

All sectors in GHG inventory

Reserves right to use international compensation units towards NDC or, domestically.

Any units traded abroad will be registered in the National Emissions Inventory to avoid double counting.

Costa Rica has been significantly improving metrics to quantify emissions and fixation in these sectors. Costa Rica will continue with improvements in these metrics

 

Côte D’Ivoire

BAU

28 percent (unconditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Not mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

2000

17 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, forestry

Not mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified.

Djibouti

BAU

40 percent (unconditional)

60 percent (conditional)

2030

 

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

Forestry sector not included

Dominica

2014

39.2 percent

44.7 percent

(both conditional)

2025

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs

Energy , transport; manufacturing and construction; commercial/institutional, residential, agriculture, forestry, fishing, solid waste

Intends to introduce domestic market-based mechanisms for the transport sector to incentivize hybrid vehicles

  FAO's Global Forest Resource Assessment for Dominica and the 2003 IPCC Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF

El Salvador

Establish a policy framework with quantitative targets for certain sectors for 2025 and 2030.

Not specified

Not mentioned

Will implement a REDD program

Equatorial Guinea

2010

20 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2

Energy, transportation, industry, forestry, waste

 

Not mentioned

Forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Eritrea

2010

39.2 percent (unconditional)

80.6 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N20

Energy, industry, transport, forestry, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

Inventory based on 2006 IPCCC guidelines

Ethiopia

BAU

64 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N20

Agriculture (livestock and soil), forestry, transport, electric power, industry (including mining) and buildings (including waste and green cities)

Yes, as a seller of international credits

Land-use included; accounting methodology not specified

Fiji

Sector specific reduction to reach 100 percent of electricity generation from renewable sources. These measures will reduce CO2 emissions in the energy sector by around 30% from BAU by 2030. This will involve unconditional and conditional means.

CO2

Energy

Achieving the conditional goal will require substantial funding including fully functional international market mechanisms such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).

Land sector not included

FYROM (Macedonia)

BAU

30 - 36 percent

2030

CO2

Energy supply, buildings, transport

Will consider linking to markets once decisions in the FVA/NMM discussions are concluded.

Forestry sector excluded

Gabon

BAU

50 percent

2025

CO2, CH4, N2O (HFC, PFC, SF6 and NF3 are covered later)

All sectors excluding forest biomass

No

Land sector and biomass excluded

Gambia

BAU

44.4 percent

2025

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy (incl. transport), industrial processes and product use, agriculture, waste

The Gambia does not plan to achieve any of its commitment by buying certificates from any potential new market mechanisms.

Inventory based on 2006 IPCCC guidelines

Georgia

BAU

15 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFC-22, HFC-410

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, waste

Not specified

LULUCF not included

Ghana

BAU

15 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFC-22, HFC-410

Energy including transport, industrial process and product use, AFOLU and waste.

Ghana intends to generate compliance grade emission reductions units from actions in the waste and energy sectors and REDD+

BAU and emission scenarios were estimated based on IPCC AFOLU accounting rules.

Grenada

2010

30 percent

40 percent (indicative)

2025

2030

CO2, CH4

Electricity, transport, waste, forestry

Grenada currently uses no market mechanisms but is willing to explore the potential of markets if relevant.

For the purposes of this INDC Grenada’s focus is the forested areas. The estimated tons of carbon per hectare of forest are 17,841.46.

Guatemala

BAU

11.2 percent (conditional)

22.6 percent (unconditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry, waste

Potential involvement in market mechanisms is “stable”

Not specified

Guinea

A series of policies and measures including a renewable energy target of 30 percent

CO2

Energy, forestry

Not mentioned

Forestry included, accounting methodology not specified

Guinea-Bissau

Conditional policies and measures in the energy and forestry sectors, as well as establishing a legal framework by 2030

CO2, CH4, NOx

Energy, forestry

Not mentioned

Detailed forestry projection data not available due to capacity constraints

Guyana

Overarching contribution goal is to achieve a Green Economy via a low-emission economic-development pathway, including a conditional pledge to increase renewable energy to 100 percent by 2025

CO2

Energy, forestry

Will not use markets outside of bilateral agreement with Norway

Will use conservation and sustainable management of forests

Haiti

BAU

5 percent (unconditional)

26 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, land-use and forestry, waste

The Republic of Haiti is planning to access carbon markets to finance part of its conditional contribution.

GHG inventories using 1996 IPCC guidelines.

Honduras

BAU

15 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

GHG inventories using 1996 IPCC guidelines.

Iceland

1990

40 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy; Industrial processes and product use; Agriculture; Waste; Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry

Will be included in the EU ETS, but reductions will be primarily domestic.

Not specified

Kenya

BAU

30 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, Transportation, Industrial Processes, Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU), Waste

Kenya does not rule out the use of international market-based mechanisms in line with agreed accounting rules.

A global land-use data approach was used, as described in the 2003 IPCC Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF.

Kiribati

BAU

13.7 percent

12.8 percent

61.8 percent (conditional)

2025

2030

CO2

Energy (power and transport), maritime and coastal areas

Kiribati will consider market based mechanisms to support establishment and operation of a National Climate Change Trust Fund.

Land sector excluded

Kyrgyz Republic

BAU

11.49 – 13.75 (unconditional) /29- 30.89 percent (conditional)

12.67 – 15.69 (unconditional) / 35.06 – 36.75 percent (conditional)

2030

 

 

 

2050

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, industrial processes and product use, solvent use, agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), waste

Not mentioned

Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

 

Lao (People’s DemocracticRepublic of)

Policies and measures in multiple sectors, to be implemented by 2030

Not specified

Energy, transport, forestry

Not mentioned

Forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Lesotho

BAU

10 percent (unconditional)

35 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use excluded

Liberia

A series of sectoral targets and policies, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 10 percent by 2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, transport, waste

Not mentioned

GHG inventories calculated using 1996 IPCC Guidelines

Liechtenstein

1990

40 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, industrial processes, solvent use, agriculture, LULUCF and waste.

Yes

Methodological approach uses standard methods under IPCC guidelines adopted by UNFCCC.

Madagascar

BAU

14 percent

32 percent (increased absorption)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, LULUCF, waste

No reduction based on of carbon credits purchased outside of Madagascar

Land-use included; accounting methodology not specified

Malawi

A series of policies and measures, both unconditional and conditional upon international support

CO2, CH4, N2O

energy, industrial processes and product use, AFOLU, waste

Not mentioned

2006 IPCC guidelines

Maldives

BAU

10 percent (unconditional)

24 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4

Energy, transportation, waste

Not mentioned

Land-sector excluded

Mali

BAU

29 percent (agriculture)

31 percent (energy)

21 percent (forestry)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, forests

Not mentioned

Forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Marshall Islands

2010

32 percent

45 percent (indicative)

2025

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, waste

No

Land-sector excluded (emissions negligible)

Mauritania

BAU

2.7 percent (unconditional)

22.3 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes products and uses, agriculture, forestry and land-use, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use included; accounting methodology not specified

Mauritius

BAU

30 percent

2030

CO2, Short-Lived Climate Forces (SLCF)

Energy, industrial processes products and uses, agriculture, forestry and land-use, waste

Not mentioned

This includes emissions from the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector based on IPCC Guidelines.

Micronesia

2000

28 percent

2025

CO2

Energy, electricity generation and transport

No

Land-sector not included

Moldova

1990

64-67 percent (unconditional)

78 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; land use, land-use change and forestry; and waste.

May use bilateral, regional and international market mechanisms to achieve its conditional 2030 target, subject to robust systems that deliver real and verified emissions reductions.

Account for the land sector using a net-net approach; use a “production approach” to account for harvested wood products

 

Monaco

1990

40 percent (optional)

 

50 percent

2025

 

 

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

All of the IPCC Sectors (Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste)

 

Intends to achieve INDC domestically; does not exclude markets if domestic measures insufficient

Entirely urbanized, so all green spaces will be considered parks rather than forestry.

Mongolia

Policies and measures, with an estimated emission reduction of 14 percent below BAU levels

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture

Not mentioned

Land-sector excluded

Montenegro

1990

30 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy, industrial processes and uses, agriculture, waste

Montenegro intends to sell carbon credits during the period , conditional on having effective accounting rules developed under the UNFCCC.

Agriculture, forestry and other land uses are currently not included.  These sectors can be included in the INDC at a later stage when technical conditions allow.

Mozambique

Policies and measures, with estimated reductions of 76.5MtCO2e. Estimated GHG emissions not available in the current INDC

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, transports, land use, land use change and forestry, waste

Mozambique is willing to participate in the market mechanisms to be established

1996 IPCC Guidelines and 2006 IPCC Guidelines used for greenhouse gas inventories

Myanmar

Policies and measures, conditional on international support. Estimated GHG emissions not available in the current INDC

Not specified

Energy, forestry

Not mentioned

Forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Namibia

BAU

89 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes and product use, AFOLU, waste

Not Mentioned

IPCC Guidelines for land-use accounting

Nauru

Unconditional and conditional pledges to install Solar PV, with greater deployment with international support

CO2

Energy

Not mentioned

Land-use not included

Niue

38% share of renewable energy of total electricity generation by 2020. Conditional upon additional international assistance, Niue could increase its contribution to an 80% share of renewable energy of total electricity generation, or higher, by 2025.

CO2, CH4, N2O

Electricity

Not mentioned

Land-use not included

Niger

BAU

2.5 percent (unconditional)

25 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, LULUCF, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use and forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Paraguay

BAU

10 percent (unconditional)

20 percent (conditional)

2030

All gases under Kyoto Protocol

All the IPCC sectors ((Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste)

Not mentioned

1996 IPCC Guidelines

Papua New Guinea

100 percent renewable energy target by 2030

CO2, CH4

Energy, forestry

Not mentioned

Accounting using a net approach, in accordance with 2006 IPCC Guidelines

Rwanda

Policies and measures, conditional on international support. Estimated GHG emissions not available in the current INDC

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industry, urban and rural settlement, transport, agriculture, land use, forestry, waste

Intend to sell carbon credits, through CDM, NAMAs and REDD+

Land-use and forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Samoa

100 percent renewable energy target by 2030, conditional on international support

CO2

Energy

Samoa currently uses no market mechanisms but is willing to pursue the potential of markets where possible.

Land-use sector excluded

San Marino

2005

20 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, NF3

Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; land-use, land-use change and forestry; waste.

Intends to achieve its goals exclusively through domestic measures.

However, international market  mechanisms are not excluded if domestic reductions prove insufficient

IPCC Guidelines for greenhouse gas accounting

Sao Tome and Principe

BAU

24 percent

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

All sectors

Want to be supported by market mechanisms with high environmental integrity.

Not specified

Senegal

BAU

3 or 7 percent

4 or 15 percent

5 or 21 percent

(unconditional, then conditional)

2020

2025

2030

CO2, CH4, N20

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use and forestry excluded

Seychelles

BAU

21.4 percent

29 percent

2025

2030

CO2, CH4

Energy, waste

No

Land-sector excluded

Sierra Leone

Policies and measures, to prepare the people of Sierra Leone to limit their carbon footprint, from 2030-2050. They will also present a carbon intensity target reduction of 25-35 percent by 2050 from 1990 levels

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, AFOLU, waste

Plan to use international credits to meet a carbon intensity target

IPCC Revised 1996 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

Solomon Islands

2015 levels and BAU projections

12 / 27 percent (unconditional/ conditional)

30 / 45 percent (unconditional/ conditional

2025

 

2030

CO2

Energy, land-use, land-use change, forestry

Solomon Islands will consider other avenues as well as market based mechanisms to support establishment and operation of a National Climate Change Trust Fund

Appropriate methodologies drawn from international best practice to quantify sequestration from above 400m contour and forest plantations.

Somalia

A series of policies and projects on mitigation and adaptation

land use, renewable energy, coastal resource management

Not mentioned

Land-use accounting not specified

South Sudan

Aims to undertake the policies and actions in following sectors: energy generation and use; Land Use and Land use Change; and Transport, contingent on technical expertise

CO2

Energy generation and energy end use; Transport; and Land Use and Land Use Change

Not mentioned

Land-use accounting not specified

Sri Lanka

BAU

7 percent (unconditional)

23 percent (conditional)

2030

 

 

 

St. Kitts and Nevis

BAU

22 percent

35 percent

2025

2030

CO2

All sectors, especially energy and transport

Supports the inclusion of International Carbon Markets and other market mechanisms in a post-2020 agreement

IPCC Revised 1996 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

St. Lucia

BAU

16 percent

23 percent

2025

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, transport, electricity generation

Will pursue national level carbon pricing

Land-sector not included

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

BAU

22 percent

2025

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs

Energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, waste, land-use, land-use change and forestry

Intend to use NAMAs and considers market mechanisms as part of its INDC

Land-use included, accounting method not specified

Sudan

A series of conditional policy measures to reduce emissions in multiple sectors

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, waste, forestry

Does not exclude using market-based-mechanisms in implementing its contributions if access is granted.

IPCC Revised 1996 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories and 2003 Good Practice Guidance

Suriname

Policies and measures to increase renewable energy, conditional on international support

Not specified

Energy

Not mentioned

Land-sector excluded

Swaziland

Four conditional policy measures on GHG inventories, renewable energy, ethanol, and HFC/PFC/SF6 phase-out

CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6

All of the IPCC Sectors ( Energy; industrial processes and product use; agriculture; LULUCF; waste)

Not mentioned

Land-use and forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Tajikistan

1990

10-20 percent (unconditional)

25-35 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, industrial processes, agriculture, land-use and forestry, transport and infrastructure

Not mentioned

IPCC 2006 GHG Inventory Guidelines

Tanzania

BAU

10-20 percent

2030

Not specified

Energy, transport, forestry, waste

Not mentioned

Forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Togo

BAU

11.14 percent (conditional)

31.14 percent (unconditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, land-use and forestry, buildings, waste

CDM and REDD+

IPCC 2006 GHG Inventory Guidelines and 2003 Good Practice on LULUCF

Tonga

A series of sectoral targets and commitments to be implemented by 2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, transport, agriculture, waste

Not mentioned

Forestry and land-use excluded

Uganda

The implementation of a series of policies and measures in the energy supply, forestry and wetland sectors, conditional on international support.

Not specified

Implementation is conditional on access to climate finance and international market mechanisms

Land-use emissions calculated using 2006 IPCC guidelines

Uruguay

A series of sectoral targets to achieve net CO2 removal by 2030; additional measures for other gases

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, LULUCF, waste

Not mentioned

Land-use and forestry included; accounting methodology not specified

Vanuatu

100% renewable energy by 2030, which will reduce energy sector emissions 30 percent from BAU

CO2

Energy

No

Land-sector excluded

Zambia

BAU

25 to 47 percent (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy, agriculture, LULUCF, waste

Does not rule out the possibility of using market based mechanisms

Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines and 2000 Good Practice Guidance.

Zimbabwe

BAU

33 percent (per-capita) (conditional)

2030

CO2, CH4, N2O

Energy

Not mentioned

Land-sector excluded