National Enhanced Oil Recovery Initiative

The National Enhanced Oil Recovery Initiative (NEORI) is a coalition of industry, state, environmental, and labor leaders convened by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) and the Great Plains Institute (GPI). NEORI has released consensus recommendations to boost domestic oil production and reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants and industrial facilities through expanded carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR).

In CO2-EOR, oil producers inject CO2 into existing wells to draw more oil to the surface, a process which leads to the permanent underground storage of CO2 over time. CO2-EOR sustains production in otherwise declining oil fields and currently accounts for over 300,000 barrels per day (around 4 percent of U.S. oil production). Due to constraints on natual supplies of CO2, expanding CO2-EOR requires capturing more CO2 from man-made sources using innovative carbon capture technologies.

In February 2016, US Rep. Mike Conaway, R-Texas, and 18 bipartisan co-sponsors introduced federal legislation to spur commercial deployment of technologies to capture carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and industrial facilities for use in CO2-EOR. The legislation will make the existing federal carbon capture and storage incentive—known as the Section 45Q tax credit—permanent, thereby providing certainty that project developers need to obtain private sector financing of carbon capture projects. The current 45Q tax credit expires upon reaching its current cap of 75 million tons of CO2, meaning that investors in projects under development cannot count on the credit being available.


NEORI Recommendations Adopted by Sens. Conrad, Enzi, and Rockefeller in 2012 Legislation (S. 3581)

NEORI Recommendations Release – February 28, 2012
NEORI Launch – July 17, 2011
Additional Resources