Coal Initiative Series: A Resource and Technology Assessment of Coal Utilization in India

 

India Coal Technology Paper

Coal Initiative Series White Paper:

A Resource and Technology Assessment of Coal Utilization in India

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Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change
October 2008

By:
Ananth P. Chikkatur, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

A Resource and Technology Assessment of Coal Utilization in India continues the series of Pew Center papers that explore strategies for addressing CO2 emissions from using coal to provide electricity.

Electricity production in India is projected to expand dramatically in the near term to energize new industrial development, while also easing the energy shortages throughout the country. Much of the new growth in electricity production will be fueled by domestic coal resources; however, there is worldwide concern about increased coal use, as greater carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from coal combustion will exacerbate climate change. At the same time, there are now a number of different existing and emerging technological options for coal conversion and greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction worldwide that could potentially be useful for the Indian coal-power sector. This paper reviews coal utilization in India and examines current and emerging coal power technologies with near- and long-term potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from coal power generation.