Authored by Nick Nigro
Nearly all major auto companies—as well as several new start-ups—plan to produce plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) within the next 2 or 3 years. According to transportation experts, the impact of the growing PEV market on the automobile market, electrical grid, and the transportation system could be significant, and will vary both regionally and over time. The introduction of PEVs into the automobile market presents a transformative opportunity for the transportation sector. Wherever these vehicles exist in sufficient numbers, significant technological, economic, and environmental change will occur. This opportunity affects automakers, electricity providers, vehicle charging companies, battery manufacturers, all levels of government and, most importantly, consumers. Deploying PEVs will bring together many of these stakeholders for the first time. This paper outlines the state of play in the PEV market including ongoing deployment projects, expected consumer market demand, and public policies related to PEV deployment.
Authored by Monica Ralston and Nick Nigro
This paper reviews the current literature on plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) with a focus on issues and solutions related to vehicle deployment and integration with the U.S. electrical grid. It is a companion to the Center's “Plug-in Electric Vehicles Market: State of Play.” The subjects covered include vehicles, electricity, the passenger vehicle market, and public policy. This paper relies on the most recent research from government, private business, academia, and research institutions; peer-reviewed literature was used wherever possible. The paper’s purpose is to provide a foundation for overcoming some of the major hurdles to PEV deployment in the United States both currently and in the future.