International Negotiations: Toward a 2015 Climate Agreement

Delegates at the United Nations Famework Convention on Climate Change Bonn Climate Change Conference in March 2014. Image courtesy of the UNFCCC, via Flickr.

Nations are gathering in Paris from Nov. 30 through Dec. 11 to negotiate a new global climate change agreement.

The U.N. Climate Change Conference, also known as COP 21, concludes a four-year round of negotiations and presents a critical opportunity to establish a balanced, durable agreement strengthening the international climate effort.

More than 160 countries accounting for 90 percent of global emissions have offered their intended “nationally determined contributions” to the Paris agreement, and more than 100 heads of state will attend the opening days of the conference.

C2ES has helped lay groundwork for success in Paris through its expert analysis of issues and options and by convening in-depth consultations among senior negotiators from key countries. C2ES will host events in Paris featuring U.S., state and business leaders.

Here are key resources:

Essential Elements of a Paris Climate Agreement

A concise, comprehensive guide to what Paris needs to deliver: a legal agreement that ensures strong accountability and spurs rising ambition. Issues include long-term direction, mitigation, adaptation, finance, transparency and updating of national contributions.

A Primer on the Paris Climate Talks

Questions and answers on the history of the U.N. climate talks, key issues under negotiation, the legal nature of the agreement, implications for U.S. acceptance, and what happens after Paris.

Business Support for the Paris Agreement

Fourteen major companies join a statement organized by C2ES calling for an agreement that provides clearer long-term direction, strengthens transparency, promotes greater comparability of effort, and facilitates the global carbon market.

C2ES Events in Paris

Join C2ES and partners for a series of side events with U.S., state and business leaders on steps U.S. companies are taking to address climate change and challenges and opportunities in implementing the U.S. Clean Power Plan.

Toward 2015 Dialogue

Read a seminal report from the co-chairs of C2ES’s Toward 2015 dialogue, which brought together top negotiators from two dozen countries for a series of candid, in-depth discussions that forged common ground on key issues for Paris.

Legal Options for U.S. Acceptance

This C2ES legal analysis examines whether the Paris climate agreement can be accepted by the president under executive authority or must be approved by Congress.

Other Key Resources

C2ES Policy Briefs:

C2ES Blog Posts:


Video: Elliot Diringer's briefing on the key issues in Paris