|Delegates at the United Nations Famework Convention on Climate Change Bonn Climate Change Conference in March 2014. Image courtesy of the UNFCCC, via Flickr.|
Nations are working toward a new global climate change agreement, to be reached in late 2015 in Paris. These international negotiations offer governments a critical opportunity to craft a broad, balanced and durable agreement strengthening the international climate effort.
The talks are taking place under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change, a treaty adopted in 1992 that includes virtually every nation on earth. They will conclude at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) in Paris.
Launched in 2011 as the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action, the negotiations are aiming for an agreement that has “legal force,” is “applicable to all,” and applies from 2020. (See C2ES’s summary of COP 17 in Durban, South Africa.) A decision at COP 19 in Warsaw urges countries to offer their “intended nationally determined contributions” to the new agreement well ahead of the Paris conference – for “those ready to do so,” by the first quarter of 2015. (See C2ES’s summary of COP 19.)
A new model international climate governance is emerging in the Durban Platform talks – one trying to blend “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches to achieve both broad participation and stronger action. C2ES’s Elliot Diringer explores the new hybrid approach taking shape, and prospects for Paris, in a recent article in Nature.
These reports and policy briefs provide background on the Durban Platform talks and examine key issues:
The following provides a guide to governments’ negotiating positions:
Toward 2015: An International Climate Dialogue
C2ES is convening an informal dialogue among senior policymakers from more than 20 countries exploring options for a 2015 agreement. The dialogue is co-chaired by Valli Moosa, former environment minister for South Africa, and Harald Dovland of Norway, former co-chair of the Durban Platform talks. (See the dialogue overview and participants.)
Other C2ES Resources:
Key Country Policies
Market-Based Climate Mitigation Policies in Emerging Economies
Post-2012 International Climate Policy
How the UN Climate Summit in New York can build momentum toward a global agreement
A Crucial Meeting for the Green Climate Fund
Support for a Spectrum of Commitments to a 2015 Climate Agreement
Carbon trading in China: short-term experience, long-term wisdom
The Warsaw outcome: A hint of what’s to come
Efforts to limit aviation emissions advance at ICAO
UN climate talks: Fresh start or stuck in the past?