2004 Newsletters

  • In This IssueReports Released in 2004 2004 Events and Speeches 2004: Actions at the State Level Summary of COP 10 Upcoming Reports in 2005 Reports Released in 2004The Pew Center On Global Climate Change is committed to the development of a wide range of reports, briefs, and policy analyses that add new facts and perspectives to the climate change debate. Reports released this year include:* Observed Impacts of Climate Change in the U.S.* Coping With Climate Change: The Role of Adaptation in the United States* U.S. Market Consequences of Global Climate Change* Coral Reefs & Global Climate Change: Potential Contributions of Climate Change to Stresses on Coral Reef EcosystemsTake a look at other reports released in 2004. 2004 Events and SpeechesThe Pew Center hosts conferences and workshops on selected topics to facilitate dialogue among business, government, and non-governmental organizations and develop pragmatic policy and technological solutions.Read about meetings held in 2004 and speeches presented in 2004 by the Honorable Eileen Claussen. 2004: Actions at the State LevelHighlights of state action on climate change in 2004:* The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, an effort by nine northeastern states to cap and trade carbon dioxide emissions from power plants, has made substantial progress towards developing a model rule, slated for release in Spring of 2005.* The West Coast Governors' Global Warming Initiative approved recommendations for a coordinated climate strategy.* Pennsylvania, New York, Rhode Island, Hawaii, New Mexico, Maryland, and Colorado all adopted renewable portfolio standards; Colorado voters passed the first ballot initiative requiring renewables.* California issued regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles, implementing the Pavley bill passed by the legislature in 2002. Seven other states are set to follow these regulations if they survive a legal challenge from the auto industry.* The year also saw states issuing climate action plans (Maine, Massachusetts), requiring CO2 offsets (Washington), and issuing appliance efficiency standards (Connecticut, California, Maryland, New Jersey).Read about these and other initiatives on our states news page. Summary of COP 10Climate negotiators gather in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 6-17 for COP 10 - the Tenth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).Read a summary of the COP 10 event. Upcoming ReportsThe Cost of U.S. Forest-based Carbon SequestrationExpected Release Date: January 19, 2005
  • In This Issue:New Pew Center Report: Observed Impacts of Climate Change in the U.S. Global Warming in the Arctic Beyond Kyoto Speech: The International Policy Framework for Climate Change and Business New Action at the State Level Upcoming Reports OBSERVED IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE U.S.: NEW REPORTA new report by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Observed Impacts of Global Climate Change in the U.S., by Camille Parmesan of The University of Texas-Austin and Hector Galbraith of Galbraith Environmental Sciences and the University of Colorado-Boulder, reviews the broad range of ecological changes that have occurred in response to human induced changes in the global and U.S. climate. GLOBAL WARMING IN THE ARCTICNew research on the effects of global warming on the Arctic has been released recently. Why is the arctic warming faster than the rest of the world? What will the impacts on the United States be? Is Alaska already being affected? Get the answers to these frequently asked questions on the Arctic and global warming. BEYOND KYOTOWith Russia's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol, this landmark agreement will enter into force in early 2005. What are the implications for Russia and the rest of the world? How should we strengthen international climate efforts beyond 2012? Learn more about six core issues in negotiating an effective long-term agreement. THE INTERNATIONAL POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE CHANGE AND BUSINESSEileen Claussen recently spoke at the Australia-New Zealand Conference and Trade Expo. Her message was that the time has come for business and government to begin serious planning for the risks and opportunities of climate change. She outlined four requirements that national and international governments need to provide in order to engage the business community in this effort. Read the speech. NEW ACTION AT THE STATE LEVELStates are taking action to reduce GHG emissions:Colorado voters approved a ballot initiative creating a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) for utilities that provide service to over 40,000 customers. Those utilities must provide an increasing percentage of electricity from renewables, reaching 10 percent by 2015. Colorado is the 18th state to adopt an RPS, but the first state to have the program voted in by citizens (November 2004)Learn more about these and other steps taken at the state level. UPCOMING REPORTS"Integrating Carbon Sequestration into Climate Policy"Expected Release Date: January 2005
  • In This Issue:Russia's State Duma Ratifies Kyoto Protocol Pew Center President Eileen Claussen's Statement Other Resources RUSSIA'S STATE DUMA RATIFIES KYOTO PROTOCOLA decade after its launch, the international effort against global climate change stands at a critical juncture. With the ratification today of the Kyoto Protocol by Russia, this landmark agreement will now enter into force, Kyoto's coming of age is a major diplomatic accomplishment: a strong declaration of multilateral will to confront a quintessentially global challenge. But against that challenge, Kyoto is but a first step. EILEEN CLAUSSEN'S STATEMENT ON RUSSIA'S STATE DUMA'S RATIFICATION"Russia's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol is a welcome and important step. Most of the world's industrialized countries are now committed to a binding multilateral effort to address climate change. These countries are clearly showing their resolve to take action to address climate change. And as they move to fulfill their commitments, they will demonstrate that it is a challenge that can be affordably met..." Read Eileen Claussen's full statement. OTHER RESOURCESQ & A: Russia and the Kyoto Protocol Glossary: Key Terms Related to the Kyoto Protocol What Happens Next? International, national and state emissions targets United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • In This Issue:Speech: Climate Change: The Political Challenges New Pew Center Report: Induced Technological Change and Climate Policy A Comprehensive Review of Emissions Targets: International, National, and State The Facts About Hurricanes and Climate Change New Action at the State Level Upcoming Reports CLIMATE CHANGE: THE POLITICAL CHALLENGESEileen Claussen recently spoke at Stanford University's Sustainability Days Conference. She talked about the continuing political struggle between those who believe we need to act decisively to meet the challenge of climate change and those who resist change, and offered a plan for moving forward. Read her speech. INDUCED TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND CLIMATE POLICY: NEW REPORTWhile technological change occurs naturally as companies compete in the marketplace, climate policies can spur additional or "induced" technological change (ITC). "Induced Technological Change and Climate Policy" explores the use of ITC in climate policy, using state-of-the-art economic modeling and analysis. INTERNATIONAL, NATIONAL, AND STATE EMISSIONS TARGETSA comprehensive look at emissions targets for quick reference and comparison (August 2004) HURRICANES AND CLIMATE CHANGEIs there a connection between the recent hurricane activity and global warming? Some are suggesting the 2004 hurricane season is unprecedented, but is it? Get the facts on hurricanes and global warming. NEW ACTION AT THE STATE LEVELStates are taking action to reduce GHG emissions:The California Air Resources Board voted to implement legislation passed in 2002 to require that that tailpipe greenhouse gas emissions from new vehicles be reduced by 22 percent by the 2012 model year and 30 percent by the 2016 model year. (September 2004) States litigate for utility emissions reductions. Eight states and New York City filed a lawsuit that seeks to force five utilities to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions. (July 2004)Learn more about these and other steps taken at the state level. UPCOMING REPORTS"Observed Impacts of Climate Change in Natural Systems in the United States"Release Date: November 10, 2004
  • In This Issue:U.S. Climate Policy Conference: Toward a Sensible Center, Archived Webcast and Transcripts Adapting to Climate Change: New Pew Center Report Energy Efficiency, Climate Change and Our Nation's Energy Future New Climate Change Programs in the StatesU.S. CLIMATE POLICY: TOWARD A SENSIBLE CENTERThe Pew Center on Global Climate Change and the Brookings Institution co-sponsored a conference bringing together senators, CEOs, federal and state officials, and other prominent leaders to debate the future of U.S. policy on climate change. View archived webcasts or read the transcripts for individual speakers.ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE: NEW PEW CENTER REPORTA new Pew Center report, "Coping with Global Climate Change: The Role of Adaptation in the United States," discusses the importance of adapting to climate change, the options available, and the challenges involved.ENERGY EFFICIENCY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND OUR NATION'S ENERGY FUTUREEileen Claussen recently spoke at the Energy Efficiency Forum in Washington, D.C. Her message was that energy efficiency is a critical component of both a climate-friendly energy policy and an economy-friendly climate policy. Read her speech.NEW CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMS IN THE STATESMany states are taking the lead in reducing GHG emissions and, at the same time, providing valuable lessons for policy-makers at the federal level. For example:Rhode Island has enacted a law requiring electricity retailers to provide an increasing percentage of the electricity they sell in the state from renewable energy through 2020. The first milestone is 3 percent by December 31, 2006. (June 2004) The Western Governors' Association unanimously resolved to examine the feasibility and actions required to reach a goal of 30,000 megawatts of clean energy by 2015 and a 20 percent improvement in energy efficiency by 2020. (June 2004) The California Air Resources Board released a draft of its staff proposal to cut vehicle GHG emissions 30 percent by 2014. (June 2004) Hawaii has enacted a law that requires the state's public utilities to provide an increasing percentage of their electricity from renewable sources through 2020. The first milestone is 8 percent by December 31, 2005. (June 2004) Maryland has adopted a renewable portfolio standard that requires the state's electricity suppliers to generate increasing percentages of their electricity from renewable sources beginning in 2006. (June 2004)Learn more about these and other steps taken at the state level.
  • WEBCAST ANNOUNCEMENTU.S. Climate Policy: Toward a Sensible CenterJoint Conference sponsored by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change and the Brookings InstitutionThursday, June 24 (full day)Friday, June 25 (morning only)The Pew Center on Global Climate Change and the Brookings Institution are pleased to invite you to view a live webcast of U.S. Climate Policy: Toward A Sensible Center, a major conference, being held in Washington D.C., bringing together senators, CEOs, top federal and state officials, and other prominent leaders to debate the future of U.S. policy on climate change. This webcast is open to the general public. No registration is necessary to view the webcast.Regrettably, due to space limitations, attendance in person is by invitation only and has already closed.The webcast will be available for an extended period of time after the conference. Transcripts will be available as well.Featured conference speakers include:Spencer Abraham, Secretary of EnergyC. Fred Bergsten, Director, Institute for International EconomicsJames L. Connaughton, Chairman, White House Council on Environmental QualityRepresentative Wayne Gilchrest (R-Md.)Donald Kennedy, Editor-in-Chief, ScienceU.S. Senator Joseph I. Lieberman (D-Conn.)U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Ariz.)Michael Morris, Chairman, President, and CEO, American Electric PowerJohn Rowe, Chairman and CEO, Exelon CorporationLarry Schweiger, President & CEO, National Wildlife FederationStephen Timms, Energy Minister, United KingdomJames Wolfensohn, President, The World BankR. James Woolsey, Vice President, Booz Allen HamiltonView Webcast
  • In This Issue:"The Day After Tomorrow": Could It Really Happen? Global Climate Change and Coal's Future The 10-50 Solution: A Decade-by-Decade Approach to a Low Carbon Future Possible Impacts of Global Climate Change on the U.S.: Two New Reports New Climate Change Programs in the States Climate Change Activities in The U.S.: 2004 Update Upcoming Reports "THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW": COULD IT REALLY HAPPEN?"The Day After Tomorrow," a new movie being released this Friday, May 28, is loosely based on the theory of "abrupt climate change." As a result of global warming, the Gulf Stream (part of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation) shuts down. The North Atlantic region starts to cool while heat builds up in the tropics. The result is a severe storm, the likes of which have never been seen, and a dramatic change in the global climate. Could it really happen? GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE AND COAL'S FUTUREEileen Claussen recently spoke at the American Coal Council's Spring Forum in Dallas, Texas. Her message was simple: Coal's place in the U.S. and global energy mix in the decades to come will depend largely on the industry's ability to develop the technologies that will allow us to achieve dramatic reductions in carbon emissions from coal generation. Read the speech. THE 10-50 SOLUTION: A DECADE-BY-DECADE APPROACHRoughly 100 government, business and environmental community leaders and climate-change experts participated in a Pew Center workshop to develop a long-term vision for a low-carbon economy within 50 years. Discussions covered the technologies, industrial processes and government policies needed in the short and medium term to achieve it.Eileen Claussen recently spoke about the workshop at the 2004 EnvironDesign8 Conference in Minneapolis (May 18, 2004) IMPACTS OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE U.S.: NEW REPORTSA new Pew Center report, "A Synthesis of Potential Climate Change Impacts on the United States," details the possible effects of global climate change on health, natural resources and various economic sectors of the United States.A new Pew Center report, "U.S. Market Consequences of Global Climate Change," gives an in-depth analysis of the potential effects of climate change on the U.S. economy. NEW CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMS IN THE STATESIn the absence of action at the federal level, many states are taking the lead in curbing GHG emissions. For example:Massachusetts Governor Romney released the state's new Climate Protection Plan, which identifies several near-term actions the state will take to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. (May 2004) The Connecticut legislature passed a bill establishing a state goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2010, to 10 percent below 1990 levels by 2020, and eventually to a level 75 to 80 percent below current levels. (May 2004) Washington Governor Locke signed into law a bill requiring new fossil fueled power plants in the state to offset 20 percent of their CO2 emissions (with outside projects that reduce emissions). (March 2004) The New Mexico legislature passed a bill requiring the state's utilities to generate at least 5 percent of their electricity from renewable sources by 2006. (March 2004)To learn more about these and other steps taken at the state level. CLIMATE CHANGE ACTIVITIES IN THE U.S.: 2004 UPDATEAn updated report, "Climate Change Activities in the U.S., 2004 Update," details recent steps taken to address climate change in Congress, the states and in the business community. UPCOMING REPORTS"Coping with Climate Change: The Role of Adaptation in the United States"Expected Release: June 2004
  • In This Issue:Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Bill Introduced in Congress Reducing Greenhouse Gases: Balancing Policy and Politics Coral Reef Ecosystems at Risk: New Report Available Innovative Technology Policies to Address Climate Change New Climate Change Programs at the State Level Upcoming Reports GREENHOUSE GAS CAP-AND-TRADE BILL INTRODUCED IN CONGRESSThe Climate Stewardship Act, introduced on March 30 by U.S. Representatives Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD) and John W. Olver (D-MA), is the House companion of the bill introduced in the U.S. Senate by Senators Joseph I. Lieberman (D-CT) and John McCain (R-AZ) in 2003. Starting in 2010, the bill would cap greenhouse gas emissions of the electricity generation, transportation, industrial, and commercial economic sectors at the 2000 level, while providing for market-based trading of emission allowances. REDUCING GREENHOUSE GASES: BALANCING POLICY AND POLITICSA diverse group of business, government, and environmental leaders, brought together by the Aspen Institute and the Pew Center, has recommended a framework for a possible mandatory greenhouse gas reduction program for the United States. Starting with the premise that, if mandatory action is taken, climate policies should be environmentally effective, economical and fair, the participants reached consensus on a policy framework that is both effective and politically feasible. Read "A Climate Policy Framework: Balancing Policy and Politics." CORAL REEF ECOSYSTEMS AT RISKCoral reefs provide important resources and direct economic benefits to the large and growing human populations in low-latitude coastal zones. But development, over-fishing, and pollution have contributed to a global loss approaching 25% of these valuable ecosystems. This new report, "The Potential Contributions of Climate Change to Coral Reef Ecosystems," analyzes the current state of knowledge regarding coral reef communities and outlines the likely impacts of climate change to coral reef systems both in U.S. waters and around the world over the next century. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY POLICIES TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CHANGEWidespread adoption of new technologies for electric power generation, transportation, industry, and consumer products is necessary to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change. This new brief, "U.S. Technology and Innovation Policies to Address Climate Change," summarizes the role of technology in GHG mitigation strategies and the lessons learned from U.S. technology and innovation policies. NEW CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMS AT THE STATE LEVELIn the absence of action at the federal level, many states are taking the lead in curbing GHG emissions. For example:Maryland passed a law requiring stricter energy efficiency standards for nine residential and commercial appliances. Public benefit funds in 12 states announced the new Clean Energy States Alliance, to promote renewable and clean energy markets in the United States. California State Treasurer announced the Green Wave Environmental Investment Initiative, and called on the state's two largest pension funds to invest in cutting-edge clean technologies and environmentally responsible companies.Learn more about steps being taken at the state level. UPCOMING REPORTS"A Synthesis of Potential Climate Change Impacts on the United States"Release: April 28, 2004"U.S. Market Consequences of Global Climate Change"Release: April 28, 2004