For Immediate Release:
October 27, 1999
Contact: Lisa McNeilly(Bonn)/Kelly Sullivan(USA)
New Analysis Outlines Opportunities for Korea and India to Reduce Emissions and Maintain Economic Growth: Studies Presented at COP 5
BONN, GERMANY-— Two case studies presented today at COP 5 outline realistic opportunities for Korea and India to address the challenge of climate change. The studies commissioned by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change examine ways to reduce emissions without comprising economic growth.
The studies are the subject of a roundtable discussion today at COP 5. Talks here will depend on a clear understanding of actions taken by developing countries to address local environmental and economic concerns, and how these actions might impact greenhouse gas emissions.
Similar to other developing countries, power demand in both India and Korea is outpacing economic growth. Electricity consumption in India and Korea has more than doubled in the last decade, and both countries expect to at least double their power supply again over the next 15 years. The energy choices these countries make today will affect the local and global environment for years to come.
"This analysis shows that there are reasonable and realistic opportunities developing countries can and are taking today to begin responding to the challenge of climate change," said Eileen Claussen, President of the Pew Center on Global Climate Change. "The recommendations offer a clear roadmap for progress, moving the debate from the theoretical to the practical."
The Korea Energy Economics Institute and the Advanced International Studies Unit at Battelle completed the case study on Korea's electric power choices. The Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, also worked with Battelle to conduct the analysis on India's electric power choices.
The studies are part of a series that began with an overview report, Developing Countries and Climate Change: Electric Power Options for Growth, which was released earlier this year. In addition to the case studies on India and Korea, the series also will include reports on Argentina, Brazil, and China. All the case studies are being conducted and completed by in-country authors to ensure a balanced and informed assessment.
The studies use a least-cost model to test the effect of various scenarios on the mix of power generation technologies. The impact of these technology choices on costs and emissions are estimated through 2015.
The Korean analysis yielded several interesting insights:
The Indian case study also identified several key opportunities:
The Pew Center was established in May 1998 by the Pew Charitable Trusts, one of the nation's largest philanthropies and an influential voice in efforts to improve the quality of America's environment. The Pew Center supports businesses in developing marketplace solutions to reduce greenhouse gases, produces analytical reports on the science, economics and policies related to climate change, launches public education efforts, and promotes better understanding of market mechanisms globally. Eileen Claussen, former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, is the President of the Pew Center.
The Pew Center includes the Business Environmental Leadership Council, which is composed of 21 major, largely Fortune 500 corporations all working with the Pew Center to address issues related to climate change. The companies do not contribute financially to the Pew Center - it is solely supported by contributions from charitable foundations.