2.11 Implement PEV parking exemptions
Reason for action
A parking exemption can be an effective incentive to purchase an electric vehicle depending on the cost and availability of parking in the area.
Implementing the action
- Research local parking incentives for PEVs as well as the ability of state law to preempt local ordinances. Parking ordinances are often passed on a local basis. Spotlight: the City of New Haven provides free parking to PEVs.
- Inform local and state legislatures about proposed regulations and incentives if a state senator or representative requests information. Spotlight: California’s AB 475 makes it illegal for any vehicle to park in an electric vehicle charging space unless it is physically connected to the charger. This law ended the practice of plug-sharing, in which a driver in a parking space adjacent to the charging space can share the plug with the person in the charging space; by unplugging the charger, the car in the charging space may be towed. However, proponents say that the law is necessary to assure electric car drivers that they can always get to a full charge at a station.
- Consider providing guidance for PEV parking regulations to municipalities (see Action 3.6).
- Consider the perception of parking exemptions for electric vehicles (see Companion Brief: Common Concerns About electric vehicle policy and Electric Vehicles). Parking exemptions may be perceived as inequitable and a subsidy to electric vehicle drivers, who usually have higher incomes than the average household at present. Parking exemptions could be phased out gradually.
Electric vehicle drivers can save money and time because of parking exemptions. DOTs and other stakeholders can learn about the benefits and drawbacks of incentives that are relatively inexpensive, but could have a noticeable effect on consumer behavior.