Country Emissions Targets

International Emissions Targets

 

Entity

Kyoto Target 2008-2012

Pledged targets under the UNFCCC [1]

Domestically mandated targets

Australia

8% above 1990 levels

5% below 2000 levels by 2020

15%-25% below 2000 levels by 2020 under different conditions of a global agreement that stabilizes GHG levels

Clean Energy Future Legislation: 80% below 2000 levels by 2050

Default emissions cap for cap-and-trade system starting in 2015 consistent with target of reducing emissions 5% below 2000 levels by 2020

Canada

6% below 1990 levels

17% below 2005 levels by 2020

 

European Community

EU-15: 8% below 1990 levels

EU-27: 20% below 1990 levels by 2020

30% below 1990 levels by 2020 if comparable and adequate actions by other countries

EU-27: 20% below 1990 levels by 2020, translated to 14% below 2005 levels by 2020

21% reduction from 2005 levels for ETS sectors

10% reduction from 2005 levels for non-ETS sectors

Bulgaria

8% below 1988 levels

Part of EU

 

Czech Republic

8% below 1990 levels

Part of EU

 

Estonia

8% below 1990 levels

Part of EU

 

Hungary

6% below average1985-1987 levels

Part of EU

 

Latvia

8% below 1990 levels

Part of EU

 

Lithuania

8% below 1990 levels

Part of EU

 

Poland

6% below 1988 levels

Part of EU

 

Romania

8% below 1989 levels

Part of EU

 

Slovakia

8% below 1990 levels

Part of EU

 

Slovenia

8% below 1986 levels

Part of EU

 

Japan

6% below 1990 levels

25% below 1990 levels by 2020 on condition of fair, effective international framework with ambitious targets by all major economies

 

New Zealand

Remain at 1990 levels

10-20% below 1990 levels by 2020 if comprehensive global agreement

 

Russia

Remain at 1990 levels

15-25% below 1990 levels by 2020; range depends on accounting of forestry sector and actions by all major emitters

 

United States

 

In the range of 17% below 2005 levels by 2020, in conformity with anticipated legislation

 

Croatia

5% below 1990 levels

5% below 1990 levels by 2020, to be replaced upon EU accession (1 July 2013)

 

Iceland

10% above 1990 levels

Same as EU target

 

Liechtenstein

8% below 1990 levels

Same as EU target

 

Monaco

8% below 1990 levels

Same as EU target

 

Norway

1% above 1990 levels

 

 

30% below 1990 levels by 2020

40% below 1990 levels by 2020 as part of a global and comprehensive international agreement

Strengthening Kyoto target to 9% below 1990 levels

30% below 1990 levels by 2020

Targets in the Report No. 34 (2006-2007) to the Storting (Parliament)

Political pledge to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050

Switzerland

8% below 1990 levels

Same as EU target

 

Ukraine

Remain at 1990 levels

20% below 1990 levels by 2020 under certain conditions

 

United Kingdom

12.5% below 1990 levels

Same as EU target

Domestically legislated emissions target of 34% below 1990 levels by 2020 and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050

Belarus

 

5-10% below 1990 levels by 2020, conditional on access to carbon markets, technology and capacity assistance, as well as clarity on accounting rules for forestry and land-use

 

Kazakhstan

 

15% below 1992 levels by 2020

 

Brazil

 

36.1-38.9% below business-as-usual projected emissions level in 2020

Presidential Decree of 9 December 2010: 36.1-38.9% below business-as-usual projected emissions level in 2020 (3236 MtCO2e)

Chile

 

20% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020, projected from 2007 levels, requiring international support

 

China

 

40-45% reduction in CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) from 2005 level by 2020

12th Five Year Plan: 17% reduction in CO2 emissions per unit of GDP from 2010 levels by 2015

Costa Rica

 

Carbon neutral by 2021

Carbon neutrality goal in 2008 Climate Change Strategy

India

 

20-25% reduction in emissions per unit of GDP (excluding agriculture sector) from 2005 level by 2020

 

Indonesia

 

26% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020

Presidential Decree No. 61 2011, National Action Plan for Reduction Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Israel

 

20% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020

41% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020 with international support

 

Mexico

 

30% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020, subject to provision of adequate support

General Climate Change Law, April 2012: 30% below business-as-usual projected emissions by 2020 and 50% below 2000 levels by 2050

Korea (Republic of)

 

30% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020 (4% below 2005 level)

Cabinet decision of 17 November 2009: 30% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020

Singapore

 

7-11% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020

16% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020, contingent on legally binding global agreement

2009 Sustainable Singapore Blueprint goals expected to lead to 7-11% reduction in business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020

 

South Africa

 

34% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2020

42% below business-as-usual projected emissions in 2025, extent of implementation dependent on level of support

 

Marshall Islands

 

40% below 2009 levels by 2020 (CO2 only)

 

Maldives

 

Carbon neutrality by 2020

 

Antigua and Barbuda

 

25% below 1990 levels by 2020

 

 

European Community
 

Kyoto Target [2] 2008-2012

EU Climate and Energy Package Effort Sharing targets for 2013-2020 [3]

 

Austria

13% below 1990

 16% below 2005 level

 

Belgium

7.5% below 1990

 15% below 2005 level

 

Bulgaria

 

20% above 2005 level

 

Czech Republic

 

 9% above 2005 level

 

Cyprus

 

5% below 2005 level

 

Denmark

21% below 1990

 20% below 2005 level

 

Estonia

 

11% above 2005 level

 

Finland

1990 levels

 16% below 2005 level

 

France

1990 levels

 14% below 2005 level

 

Germany

21% below 1990

 14% below 2005 level

 

Greece

25% above 1990

 4% below 2005 level

 

Hungary

 

10% above 2005 level

 

Ireland

13% above 1990

 20% below 2005 level

 

Italy

6.5% below 1990

 13% below 2005 level

 

Latvia

 

17% above 2005 level

 

Lithuania

 

15% above 2005 level

 

Luxembourg

28% below 1990

20% below 2005 level

 

Malta

 

5% above 2005 level

 

Netherlands

6% below 1990

 16% below 2005 level

 

Poland

 

14% above 2005 level

 

Portugal

27% above 1990

 1% above 2005 level

 

Romania

 

19% above 2005 level

 

Slovenia

 

4% above 2005 level

 

Slovakia

 

13% above 2005 level

 

Spain

15% above 1990

 10% below 2005 level

 

Sweden

4% above 1990

 17% below 2005 level

 

United Kingdom

12.5% below 1990

 16% below 2005 level

 

 

References:

1. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 2011, FCCC/AWGLCA/2011/INF.1 and FCCC/SB/2011/INF.1/Rev.1

2. The EU-15 nations have joined a "bubble" which allows the joint fulfillment of emissions commitments and preserves the collective emissions reduction goal of 8% below 1990 levels by 2008/2012. http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2002/l_130/l_13020020515en00010020.pdf

3. http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/effort/index_en.htm. The EU’s collective 20% reduction target from 1990 levels translates to a 14% reduction from 2005 levels, split into sectors covered by the ETS (21% reduction) and those not covered by it (10% reduction). These targets apply to sectors not covered by the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), such as buildings, transport, and other commercial activities. The EU ETS applies a sectoral cap and reduction target across the EU countries for emissions from power and heavy industry, and aviation from 2012. The ETS reduction target is 21% below 2005 levels by 2020.