Business Environmental Leadership Council (BELC)

C2ES's Business Environmental Leadership Council (BELC) was created in 1998 with the belief that business engagement is critical for developing efficient, effective solutions to the climate problem. We also believe that companies taking early action on climate strategies and policy will gain sustained competitive advantage over their peers.

Starting with 13 companies, the BELC is now the largest U.S.-based group of corporations focused on addressing the challenges of climate change and supporting mandatory climate policy. The BELC is comprised of industry leading, mostly Fortune 500 companies across a range of sectors with combined revenues of $2 trillion and 3.5 million employees. Many different sectors are represented, from high technology to diversified manufacturing; from oil and gas to transportation; from utilities to chemicals.

While individual companies hold their own views on policy specifics, they are united with C2ES in the belief that voluntary action alone will not be enough to address the climate challenge. In 2011, the BELC members accepted the following guiding principles:

  1. We accept the scientific consensus that climate change is occurring and that the impacts are already being felt. Delaying action will increase both the risks and the costs.
  2. Businesses can and should incorporate responses to climate change into their core corporate strategies by taking concrete steps in the U.S. and abroad to establish and meet greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets, and/or invest in low and zero GHG products, practices and technologies.
  3. The United States should significantly reduce its GHG emissions through economy-wide, mandatory approaches, which may vary by economic sector and include a flexible, market-based program. Complementary policies may also be necessary for sectors such as buildings, electricity generation, forestry, agriculture, and transportation that will help drive innovation and ease the transition to a low-carbon economy.
  4. Climate change is a global challenge that ultimately requires a global solution. An international climate framework must establish fair, effective, and binding commitments for all developed and major developing economies.

BELC Member Profiles

Alcoa

Overview

Alcoa is the world’s leading producer of primary aluminum, fabricated aluminum and alumina, operating in 31 countries. Alcoa’s products are used worldwide in aircraft, automobiles, commercial transportation, packaging, building and construction, oil and gas, defense, and industrial applications.

Climate Initiatives

For nearly two decades, Alcoa has been a leader in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from its operations, making its first voluntary reductions in the early 1990s. In 1998, Alcoa established a Climate Change Strategy Team that developed and promoted its long-term goal to reduce direct greenhouse gas emissions by 25 percent below 1990 levels by 2010. Achieving that goal well ahead of schedule, Alcoa has continued to establish ambitious targets. Currently, it is committed to reduce its U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent from a 2005 baseline, and also demonstrate a net reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the use of its products equal to three times the emissions created by production—all by 2025.

Alcoa’s climate change strategy allows it to:

  • Incorporate the potential physical impacts of climate change into growth decisions and operational planning for existing assets;
  • Integrate carbon risk into capital planning and valuation of mergers and acquisitions; and
  • Establish a prioritized action plan for mitigating carbon risk and maximizing business opportunities.

Alcoa Foundation and the C2ES have partnered on Make an Impact – a unique community focused project aimed at raising awareness and mobilizing action on climate change in Alcoa communities.

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Bank of America

Overview

Bank of America is a bank holding company and a financial holding company serving individual consumers, small- and middle-market businesses, large corporations and governments, offering banking, investing, asset management and other financial and risk management products and services. The company operates in more than 40 countries and is headquartered in North Carolina.

Climate Initiatives

In support of the environment, Bank of America has established targets to improve its operations, which include reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and energy, paper and water consumption, as well as divesting waste from landfills. The company also employs an environmental management system to identify, manage and mitigate environmental risk and improve environmental performance across their corporate real estate portfolio.

Bank of America is also leveraging its global financial capabilities to drive positive environmental change. In 2015, the company increased its second and current environmental business initiative from $50 billion to $125 billion in low-carbon business by 2025 through lending, investing, capital raising, advisory services and developing financing solutions for clients around the world.

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Berkshire Hathaway Energy

Overview

Berkshire Hathaway Energy is a holding company of locally managed businesses that share a vision for a secure and sustainable energy future. These businesses deliver affordable, safe and reliable service each day to more than 11.6 million electric and gas customers and end-users around the world, with approximately one third of their owned and contracted generating capacity coming from renewable and non-carbon sources.

Climate Initiatives

As part of the company’s expansion into the renewables market, Berkshire Hathaway Energy developed BHE Renewables to oversee solar, wind, hydro and geothermal projects, which makes it the owner of one of the largest renewable energy portfolios in the United States.

In its commitment to responsible environmental management, BHE also developed their Environmental RESPECT Policy, which guides their corporate efforts in the areas of Responsibility, Efficiency, Stewardship, Performance, Evaluation, Communication and Training.

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BHP Billiton

Overview

BHP Billiton is a leading global mining, metals and petroleum company whose purpose is to create long-term shareholder value through the discovery, acquisition, development and marketing of natural resources. The company owns and operates a diverse range of businesses in different countries and ecosystems around the world.

Climate Initiatives

BHP Billiton aims to minimize or avoid environmental impacts from its operations. The company focuses on reducing emissions, increasing its preparedness for physical climate impacts, and working with others to enhance the global response to climate change.

BHP Billiton’s current targets, set in 2013, include maintaining total greenhouse gas emissions below 2006 levels by 2017, and financing the conservation and continuing management of areas of high biodiversity and ecosystem value.

From 2015 to 2015, BHP Billiton reduced its total greenhouse gas emissions 6 percent to 38.3 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (Co2-e).

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BP

Overview

BP is one of the world’s leading international oil and gas companies. It provides customers with fuel for transportation, energy for heat and light, lubricants to keep engines moving, and the petrochemicals products used to make everyday items as diverse as paints, clothes and packaging.

Climate Initiatives

Oil and natural gas companies generate greenhouse gases in almost every aspect of their operations. Acknowledging their impact on climate change, BP aims to manage its emissions through energy efficiency, reductions in flaring (the controlled burning of natural gas), methane management and the design of new projects.

BP considers placing an economy-wide price on carbon –either through carbon taxes or a cap-and-trade system– as the best solution to limit greenhouse gas emissions, and it is playing its part by calling for a price on carbon, providing lower-carbon products including natural gas and renewables, pursuing energy efficiency and supporting research. BP already requires its businesses to use an internal carbon price –currently set at $40 per ton of carbon dioxide (CO?) equivalent for industrialized countries– in evaluating large new projects.

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CBRE

Overview

CBRE Group, Inc., is one of the world’s largest commercial real estate services and investment firms. The company offers strategic advice and execution for property sales and leasing; corporate services; property, facilities and project management; mortgage banking; appraisal and valuation; development services; investment management; and research and consulting.

Climate Initiatives

As a leader in its industry, CBRE understands it has both a responsibility and an opportunity to minimize environmental impact by influencing the way buildings are built, sourced, managed, occupied and sold. Thus, the company has made it its policy to implement environmentally sustainable best practices and to meet both the letter and the spirit of all environmental laws and regulations where it does business. In 2010, CBRE became the first company in its industry to achieve carbon neutrality in its operations.

The sustainability programs developed by CBRE to help reduce buildings impact on the environment and, at the same time, create positive effects on communities, include resource management and procurement initiatives, employee training and academic collaboration.

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Delta Air Lines

Overview

Delta Air Lines, Inc. provides scheduled air transportation for passengers and cargo in the United States and internationally, offering service to nearly 340 destinations in 64 countries. Delta also provides aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul services for other aviation and airline customers, as well as staffing services, professional security and training services, and aviation solutions; vacation packages; and aircraft charters.

Climate Initiatives

As part of its commitment to be a transparent and responsible industry leader, Delta publishes an annual Corporate Responsibility Report, which includes their environmental sustainability strategy and data on sustainability performance. The company’s goals include improving fuel efficiency by an average of 1.5 percent annually from 2009 to 2020; stabilizing emissions with carbon neutral growth from 2020; improving air quality; reducing water use and waste; and preventing or minimizing fuel spills.

The delivery of more efficient aircraft in 2015 onward, in addition to other fuel saving initiatives like the continued installation of drag-reducing wingtip devices and the installation of split-scimitar winglets on all future Boeing 737-900ER deliveries, will help push Delta towards the 1.5 percent goal. The replacement of smaller jets with larger more efficient Airbus and Boeing aircraft helps to generate the same capacity levels with fewer departures, contributing to improvements in fuel efficiency.

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Dominion

Overview

Dominion is one of the nation's largest producers and transporters of energy, with a portfolio of approximately 25,700 megawatts of generation, 12,200 miles of natural gas transmission, gathering and storage pipeline, and 6,500 miles of electric transmission lines. Dominion operates one of the nation's largest natural gas storage systems with 933 billion cubic feet of storage capacity and serves more than 5 million utility and retail energy customers in 14 states.

Climate Initiatives

Renewable energy is an important and growing aspect of Dominion’s diverse generating portfolio. In the near term, green power –solar, hydro, wind and biomass generation– helps lower the company’s carbon intensity and reduce its exposure to unpredictable fuel price swings. Between 2008 and 2014, the company reduced its total CO2 emissions by 37 percent, and their carbon intensity rate by 28 percent. Currently, 50 percentof its electric output is emissions-free nuclear and renewable energy. Longer term, it is an important element of Dominion’s climate change strategy and the nation’s transition to a low-carbon economy.

The company’s initiatives to reduce its environmental footprint also include “greening” its vehicle fleet; increasing the amount of water reused or recycled in its operations; and protecting biodiversity and habitats surrounding its facilities.

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Dow

Overview

Dow Chemical Company combines the power of science and technology to drive innovations essential to human progress. The company extracts value from the intersection of chemical, physical and biological sciences to help address many of the world's most challenging problems such as the need for clean water, clean energy generation and conservation, and increasing agricultural productivity.

Climate Initiatives

Dow is committed to applying its science and engineering expertise to create sustainable solutions to these challenges. Since 2006, the company has established sustainability goals to help lead the transition to sustainable planet and society. Through its most recent commitment, the 2025 Sustainability Goals, they are continuing to reduce its own footprint; deliver ever-increasing value to customers and society through its products and solutions; and lead in developing a blueprint for a sustainable planet.

Dow’s goals include integrating public policy solutions, science, technology and value chain innovation; increasing confidence in chemical technology; maintaining world-leading operations performance in natural resource efficiency, environment, health and safety, among others.

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DTE Energy

Overview

DTE Energy Co. is a diversified energy company involved in the development and management of energy-related businesses and services nationwide. Its largest operating subsidiaries are DTE Electric and DTE Gas. Together, these regulated utility companies provide electric and/or gas services to more than three million residential, business and industrial customers throughout Michigan.

Climate Initiatives

Beyond the delivery of safe, reliable and economical energy products and services, DTE is committed to enhancing the quality of life for today's society and future generations. Among the steps its has taken to reduce and offset greenhouse gas emissions are: participating in research on new technologies to make carbon capture and geologic carbon storage practical for both new and existing fossil-fuel power plants; exploring carbon trading markets as an option; developing renewable alternative energy resources in Michigan; helping customers reduce energy usage and becoming more energy efficient; developing landfill-gas capture systems; and converting small coal-fired power plants to run on biomass fuels.

DTE Energy is directly investing approximately $1 billion in renewable energy, most of which is investment in wind projects. An additional $1 billion is being invested in third-party owned Michigan-based renewable energy facilities. These investments contribute significantly to the Pure Michigan Business Connect Initiative.

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Duke Energy

Overview

Duke Energy is the largest electric power holding company in the United States, supplying and delivering energy to approximately 7.4 million U.S. customers. Our commercial and international businesses own and operate diverse power generation assets in North America and Latin America, including a portfolio of renewable energy assets.

Climate Initiatives

Duke Energy’s mission is to provide clean, reliable and affordable energy to customers, and it is taking steps to plan for success in the low-emission, decarbonized economy, and develop responsible energy and environmental policy. In 2015, the company increased its 2020 goal to own and purchase solar, wind and biomass by 33 percent.

The company is active in bringing more renewable energy to the market, investing in new technologies, expanding the use of energy efficiency as the “fifth fuel,” and providing customers low-carbon options. It has also made progress in protecting and enhancing the quality of air, land and water resources by installing emissions control equipment on power plants, participating in stewardship projects, and forming comprehensive lake management plans.

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Entergy

Overview

Entergy Corporation is an integrated energy company, engaged primarily in electric power production and retail distribution operations. Entergy owns and operates power plants with approximately 30,000 megawatts of electric generating capacity, including nearly 10,000 megawatts of nuclear power.

Climate Initiatives

Entergy was the first U.S. utility to voluntarily commit to stabilizing CO2 emissions. In 2011, the company adopted Environment 2020, a comprehensive environmental strategy and management system that covers six areas of strategic action: environmental footprint, proactive adaptation, compliance leadership, energy efficiency, clean generation and stakeholder engagement. Its current commitment is to maintain CO2 emissions from Entergy-owned power plants and controllable power purchases through 2020 at 20 percent below year-2000 levels. More than half of the energy it supplies to meet utility demand comes from efficient natural gas-fired generation and clean nuclear generation.

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Exelon

Overview

Exelon Corporation is one of the nation’s leading competitive energy providers, with approximately $23.5 billion in annual revenues. The Exelon family of companies participates in every stage of the energy business, from generation to competitive energy sales to transmission to delivery.

Climate Initiatives

Exelon was among the earliest energy companies to focus on addressing its carbon emissions. In 2008, Exelon launched Exelon 2020, an ambitious program to reduce, offset, or displace more than 15 million metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions per year by 2020. The company reached more than 18 million metric tons in 2013, seven years ahead of schedule.

Exelon’s owned generation fleet CO2 emission rate is 93 percent lower than the industry average, making the company among the most sustainable in the industry. Exelon is also working to improve watershed management. More than 98 percent of the company’s current water use is non-consumptive.

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General Electric

Overview

Founded in 1892, General Electric (GE) is a diversified technology, media, and financial services company focused on solving some of the world’s toughest problems. GE’s company segments are Energy Infrastructure, Technology Infrastructure, Capital Finance, and Consumer & Industrial Products.

Climate Initiatives

Ecomagination is GE’s strategy to enhance resource productivity and reduce environmental impact through commercial solutions for their customers and in the company’s own operations. Through this initiative, in 2015 GE had reduced its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 12 percent and fresh water use by 17 percent from 2011 levels.

GE has committed to continue this progress through a 2020 commitment to reduce GHG emissions and fresh water use by 20 percent from 2011 levels, and to invest an additional $10 billion in Ecomagination.

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General Motors

Overview

Founded in 1908, General Motors (GM) is one of the world’s largest automakers. The company sells its cars and trucks to dealers for consumer retail sales, as well as to fleet customers, including daily rental car companies, commercial fleet customers, leasing companies, and governments. GM also works to develop innovative technologies to shape the future of the automotive industry through the establishment of GM Ventures.

Climate Initiatives

GM is the leading automaker for voluntary carbon reductions, and has a solar footprint at 18 facilities equal to the size of 130 football fields. The company also has 73 facilities that meet the voluntary EPA EnergyStar Challenge for industry.

GM is well on the way to achieving its 2020 goal to decrease energy consumption to 20 percent below 2010 levels, with a reduction of 14.3 percent as of 2015. The company’s renewable energy portfolio, which includes solar, landfill gas, hydro, and waste-to-energy has more than doubled in the past six years to a current generating capacity of 125 MW.

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LafargeHolcim

Overview

Holcim (US), Inc. is one of the largest manufacturers and suppliers of cement and mineral components in the United States. Holcim’s (US) business segments are Commercial Builders, Residential Builders, Architects, and Public Works.

Climate Initiatives

Holcim is a corporate leader in sustainability through its 2030 Plan, a set of targets which support the UN “Sustainable Development Goals.” As part of this plan, Holcim has committed to produce 40 percent less net CO2 per ton of cement than the company did in 1990, and to reduce the among of fresh water used to produce each ton of cement by 30 percent.

The LafargeHolcim Foundation for Sustainable Construction, created in 2003, works to raise awareness of the important role that architecture, engineering, urban planning and construction have in achieving a more sustainable future.

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HP

Overview

The world’s largest technology company, HP brings its innovative expertise together with a portfolio than spans printing, personal computing, software, services, and IT infrastructure to solve customer problems. HP’s operations are organized into five business groups: Enterprise Group, Enterprise Services, HP Software, HP Printing and Personal Systems Group, and HP Financial Services.

Climate Initiatives

HP achieved its supply chain greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity goal and operational GHG emissions goal in 2015, both five years early. The company set new goals in 2016 to continue these reductions, including to achieve 40 percent renewable electricity usage in global operations by 2020 and a goal to someday reach 100 percent. HP also has a goal to achieve zero deforestation associated with HP brand paper by 2020. The company’s CO2 and water footprint were both more than 10 percent less in 2015 than in 2014.

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IBM

Overview

IBM strives to lead in the invention, development, and manufacture of the industry’s most advanced information technologies, including computer systems, software, storage systems, and microelectronics. The company translates these technologies into solutions for its customers through its professional solutions, services and consulting businesses.

Climate Initiatives

Through its internal energy conservation projects, IBM has conserved 7 million MWh of electricity and avoided 4.3 million metric tons of CO2 emissions from 1990-2015. In 2015, the company surpassed its annual goal to achieve a 3.5 percent reduction in total energy use, achieving a 6.3 percent reduction. Last year, the company also decreased its generated hazardous waste by 32 percent from 2014, and recycled 58 percent of its waste.

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Intel

Overview

As the world’s largest semiconductor chip maker, Intel develops advanced integrated digital technology products, and supplies the building blocks that are the “ingredients” of computers, servers, networking, and communications products. Intel is successfully evolving from a company with a primary focus on the design and manufacture of semiconductor chips to a computing computer that delivers complete solutions in the form of hardware and software platforms and supporting services.

Climate Initiatives

Since 2008, Intel has been the largest voluntary purchaser of green power in the US and has recycled more than 75 percent of the total waste generated through its operations. The company has an ambitious set of 2020 environmental goals to drive reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, energy, waste, waste and green buildings and to increase the use of alternative energy.

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JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Overview

JPMorgan Chase & Co. is a leading global financial services firm, servicing millions of consumers, small businesses and many of the world’s most prominent corporate, institutional, and government clients.

Climate Initiatives

JPMorgan Chase & Co. is undertaking a range to actions to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, increase renewable energy use, and maximize green buildings and sustainable paper use. The company purchases Verified Emission Reduction credits to offset all GHG emissions associated with employee air travel.

JPMorgan Chase & Co. is partnering with the Nature Conservancy on its NatureVest initiative to create and transact a pipeline of investable deals that deliver both meaningful conservation results and financial returns for investors.

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Lockheed Martin

Overview

Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration, and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products, and services. The company is the largest provider of IT services, systems, integration, and training to the U.S. Government.

Climate Initiatives

Lockheed Martin is pursuing an ambitious set of targets to reduce energy use by 25 percent, water use by 30 percent and carbon emissions by 35 percent by 2020 from a 2010 baseline. As of 2015, the company had achieved 18 percent, 25 percent, and 23 percent reductions in energy, water, and carbon emissions.

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Microsoft

Overview

Microsoft is a platform and productivity company for the mobile-first, cloud-first world, and is a worldwide leader in software, services, devices and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential.

Climate Initiatives

Microsoft has implemented an internal carbon fee, which is used to improve energy efficiency, increase renewable energy purchasing, and fund community projects that offset carbon and advance sustainable development worldwide. The company has been carbon neutral since June of 2012, and powered completely by renewable energy since 2014.

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Microsoft Corporate Website

Microsoft Sustainability Website

 

National Grid

Overview

National Grid is an international electricity and gas company and one of the largest investor-owned energy companies in the world. In the North Eastern U.S., National Grid connects more than seven million gas and electric customers to vital energy sources.

 

Climate Initiatives

In 2015, National Grid achieved a 62 percent reduction in its scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions compared to a 1990 baseline. The company has a long-term commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent before 2050, with an interim target of 45 percent by 2020. National Grid has also set a UK target to reuse or recycle 100 percent of recovered assets by 2020. In 2015, 95 percent of the company’s waste was recycled.

 

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NRG

Overview

NRG is one of the country’s largest power generation and retail electricity businesses. Its diverse power generating facilities are capable of supporting almost 40 million homes, and its retail electricity providers and thermal energy division serve more than two million residential, business, commercial and industrial customers in 16 states.

Climate Initiatives

With ongoing development of solar, wind, modern natural gas and other clean energy generation, NRG has set the stage to become the premier company moving clean and affordable energy forward. The company is the No. 5 top wind generator in the U.S, with 36 wind farms across 12 states that have a total 2,759 MW capacity. NRG has a goal to reduce its carbon emissions 50 percent by 2030 and 90 percent by 2050 from a 2014 baseline. The company is on the way to achieving this goal, iCO2 emissions decreased by 16 percent from 2014 to 2015.

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PG&E Corporation

Overview

Pacific Gas and Electric Company, a subsidiary of PG&E Corporation, is one of the largest combined natural gas and electric utilities in the United States. The company delivers some of the nation’s cleanest energy to 15 million people in Northern and Central California.

Climate Initiatives

In 2014, PG&E achieved a 13 percent reduction in water use at office facilitates and service yards. In the same year, 27 percent of power delivered to customers came from eligible renewable resources. This achievement was possible in part due to PG&E’s Solar Choice initiative, which gives customers the option to purchase up to 100 percent of their power from solar energy.

PG&E was recognized for the quality of its climate change reporting by being named to the 2015 Climate Disclosure Leadership Index. The company earned a perfect score of 100, and was one of only four U.S. utilities to make the list.

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Public Service Enterprise Group

Overview

Public Service Enterprise Group Incorporated (PSEG), through its subsidiaries, operates as an energy company primarily in the Northeast and Middle Atlantic States. The company operates nuclear, coal, gas, oil-fired, and renewable generation facilities with a generation capacity of approximately 13,146 megawatts. PSEG also transmits electricity; and distributes electricity and gas to residential, commercial, and industrial customers, as well as invests in solar generation projects and implements energy efficiency and demand response programs.

Climate Initiatives

PSEG established a goal to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25 percent from 2005 levels by 2025. The company achieve this target in 2011, 14 years ahead of schedule. Since 2011, PSEG has reduced methane emissions by 2 percent annually, equaling a total of 32,000 million tons of CO2 equivalent.

In 2014, PSEG awarded a $1 million grant to Montclair State University to create the PSEG Institute for Sustainable Studies, an initiative to support research and educational programs that will foster a sustainable and resilient New Jersey. In 2010, the company also opened its Energy & Environmental Resource Center, which is focused on building a greater understanding of the environmental and energy challenges we face and developing strategies to balance energy demand and environmental stewardship.

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Rio Tinto

Overview

Rio Tinto is a leading international mining and exploration group. The company finds, mines and processes the earth’s mineral resources – metals and minerals essentials for making thousands of everyday products that meet society’s needs and contribute to improved living standards.

Climate Initiatives

In 2008, Rio Tinto set a target to achieve a 10 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2015. By this year, the company had reached a 21.1 percent reduction in emissions. The target has now been extended to aim for a 24 percent reduction from a 2008 baseline by 2020. Rio Tinto has been an active participant and investor in initiatives and organizations to accelerate the commercialization of carbon capture and storage (CCS). The company has invested more than $100 million in CCS development over the last 15 years.

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Sempra Energy

Overview

Based in San Diego, Sempra Energy is a Fortune 500 energy services company that combines deep industry expertise with rigorous risk management to deliver superior shareholder returns. The Sempra Energy companies develop energy infrastructure, operate utilities, and provide related products and services to more than 32 million consumers worldwide.

Climate Initiatives

Sempra Energy’s emissions decreased by 9 percent from 2014 to 2015, excluding emissions related to a natural gas leak. In 2015, the company also returned 90 percent of withdrawn water to its source and diverted nearly 14,300 metric tons of waste from landfills through its recycling programs. In the same year, Sempra Energy received a transparency score of 100 on CDP’s annual climate change survey, and was named to its Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index.

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Shell

Overview

Shell is a global group of energy and petrochemical companies with an average of 93,000 employees in more than 70 countries. Shell uses advanced technologies and an innovative approach to help build a sustainable energy future. The parent company of the Shell group is Royal Dutch Shell PLC, which is incorporated in England and Wales.

Climate Initiatives

In 2010, Shell exceeded its voluntary target set in 1998 for direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from facilities it operates to be at least 5 percent lower than 1990 levels. Shell’s GHG emissions in 2010 were around 25 percent lower than 1990 levels. A subsequent voluntary target has not been set, but the company is continuing to reduce emissions each year. In 2015, Shell’s GHG emissions were 6 percent lower than 2014 levels.

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Toyota

Overview

As the world’s second-largest automaker, Toyota designs, tests, manufactures, sells and services vehicles and vehicle components in more than 170 countries. Toyota is committed to being a good corporate citizen in the communities where it does business and believes in supporting programs with long-term sustainable results.

Climate Initiatives

Toyota reduced, recycled, reused or composted more than 96 percent of its waste in 2015. Twenty-eight of the company’s North American facilities meet the U.S. Zero Waste Business Council’s definition of a Zero Waste Business. By using creative techniques such as collecting rain water, Toyota saved more than 54 million gallons of water in 2015.

Toyota achieved its target to reduce energy use by 12 percent per vehicle by 2016, from a 2010 baseline. This goal was met ahead of schedule, and the company has achieved a 16.6 percent reduction so far. Toyota set a similar target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 12 percent by 2016. This goal was also met early, with an achieved 16 percent reduction to date.

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