U.S. States & Regions
States and regions across the country are adopting climate policies, including the development of regional greenhouse gas reduction markets, the creation of state and local climate action and adaptation plans, and increasing renewable energy generation. Read More
On July 13, 2007, Florida Governor Charlie Crist signed three climate change related executive orders. EO 07-126 sets GHG emission reduction targets for state agencies and departments of 10 percent below current levels by 2012, 25 percent below by 2017, and 40 percent below by 2025. The order adopts the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED standards for all new state government facilities and all existing buildings owned by the Department of Management Services. EO 07-126 requires state-owned vehicles to be more fuel efficient and to use ethanol and biodiesel fuels when available. EO 07-127 sets statewide GHG emission reduction targets of 2000 levels by 2017, 1990 levels by 2025, and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. The order directs the Florida Secretary of Environmental Protection to immediately develop rules to adopt the California motor vehicle GHG emission standards. The Florida Energy Code for Building Construction will be revised to increase the energy performance of new construction by at least 15 percent from the 2007 Energy Code. EO 07-127 requests that the Florida Public Service Commission initiate rulemaking to i. require that utilities produce at least 20 percent of their electricity from renewable sources and ii. to authorize statewide net metering. Executive Order 07-128 creates the Florida Governor’s Action Team on Energy and Climate Change to develop an Energy and Climate Change Action Plan to recommend ways to meet the new GHG reduction targets.
Executive Orders: 07-126, 07-127, 07-128
Maps of States with: GHG Emission Targets, Climate Action Plans, Climate Change Commissions and Advisory Groups, Net Metering Programs, Vehicle GHG Emissions Standards, Green Building Standards for State Buildings, Commercial Energy Codes
On July 6, 2007, New Jersey Governor Jon S. Corzine signed into law the Global Warming Response Act, A3301, which sets greenhouse gas emissions targets for the state. The legislation limits the level of statewide greenhouse gas emissions, and greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generated outside the state but consumed in the state, to 1990 levels by 2020 and to 80 percent below 2006 levels by 2050. These targets were previously set in Executive Order 54 which the Governor signed in February. A3301 directs the NJ Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Commissioner to make specific recommendations to the Governor on how to meet the targets while taking into account the economic benefits and costs of implementing these recommendations. The legislation directs the DEP to develop a 1990 greenhouse gas emission inventory and a system for monitoring current greenhouse gas levels.
On July 3, 2007, Oregon Governor Ted Kulongoski signed House Bill 2210, which creates a renewable fuel standard and tax incentives for consumers and producers of biofuels. The bill mandates that all gasoline sold in the state must be blended with 10 percent ethanol after Oregon production of ethanol reaches 40 million gallons per year. All diesel fuel sold in the state must be blended with two percent biodiesel when the production of biodiesel from sources in Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Montana reaches a level of at least 5 million gallons per year. The biodiesel blending requirement increases to 5 percent when production reaches a level of at least 15 million gallons per year. HB 2210 includes tax incentives for producers and collectors of biofuel feedstock, and for consumers of biofuels.
Map of States with Mandates and Incentives Promoting Biofuels
On June 30, 2007, Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle signed into law Act 234, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2007, which mandates that statewide greenhouse gas emissions be reduced to 1990 levels by 2020. The Act establishes a greenhouse gas emissions reduction task force. Before December 1, 2009, the task force must prepare a work plan and regulatory mechanism for implementing the maximum practically and technically feasible and cost-effective reductions in greenhouse gas emissions to meet the statewide limit set out in Act 234.
Map of States with Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets
On June 6, 2007, Oregon Governor Ted Kulongoski signed Senate Bill 838, adopting a renewable electricity portfolio standard for the state. SB 838 requires the state’s largest utilities to meet 25 percent of their electric load with new renewable energy sources by 2025. The bill includes interim targets of 5 percent by 2011; 15 percent by 2015; 20 percent by 2020; and 25 percent by 2025. Sources of energy that count toward the standard include wind, solar, wave, geothermal, biomass, new hydro or efficiency upgrades to existing hydro facilities. Utilities are not required to comply with the standard if doing so will result in retail electricity price increases of more than 4 percent. If none of a utility’s options for compliance are cost-effective, they can make an Alternative Compliance Payment (ACP) to help meet their renewable energy requirement. The level of the ACP will be determined by the Public Utility Commission and will be set to provide adequate incentive for the utility company to generate qualifying renewable electricity instead of using an ACP payment to meet the renewable portfolio standard. The ACP will be placed into an account that can be used in the future to acquire renewable energy, invest in conservation or, for consumer-owned utilities, research and development.
On May 25, 2007, Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty signed into law the Next Generation Energy Act. The legislation will increase energy efficiency, expand community-based energy development, and establish statewide GHG emission reduction goals of 15% by 2015, 30% by 2025, and 80% by 2050, based on 2005 levels. The bill charges the Governor's previously formed Climate Change Advisory Group with developing a comprehensive GHG emission reduction plan to meet these goals. By 2010, the law sets a goal of having 1,000 Energy Star Buildings in Minnesota and provides funding to achieve this goal. The Next Generation Energy Act supplements legislation passed earlier this year mandating that 25% of Minnesota’s power come from renewable sources by 2025.
Read the Legislation
Minnesota Climate Change Advisory Group
Map of States with Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets
Map of States with Renewable Portfolio Standards
Map of States with Climate Change Commissions
On May 21, 2007, Governor Jon Huntsman, Jr. announced that Utah will become the sixth state to join the Western Regional Climate Action Initiative, a joint effort to reduce regional greenhouse gas emissions and address climate change established in February 2007 by the governors of Arizona, California, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington. The Canadian Province of British Columbia joined the initiative in April of 2007. Under the agreement, the six states and B.C. will jointly set a regional emissions target by August 2007, and by August 2008 will establish a market-based system – such as a cap-and-trade program covering multiple economic sectors – to aid in meeting the target. The participants will also set up an emissions registry and tracking system.
On May 16, 2007, former President Bill Clinton announced the Energy Efficiency Building Retrofit program, a partnership between the Clinton Climate Initiative, four multinational energy service companies, five global banks, and 16 major cities around the world to significantly reduce energy use in municipal buildings. Under the program, participating cities will retrofit their municipal buildings with more efficient heating, cooling and lighting systems, reflective roofs, and other efficiency measures and products. These upgrades are expected to reduce these buildings’ energy use by between 20 and 50 percent. Energy audits and building retrofits will be undertaken by Honeywell, Johnson Controls, Inc., Siemans, and Trane. The five participating banks – ABN AMRO, Citi, Deutsche Bank, JPMorgan Chase, and UBS – have agreed to contribute $1 billion each to help finance the project, and cities will repay the bank loans with their energy cost savings. The 16 cities initially participating in the program include Bangkok, Berlin, Chicago, Houston, Johannesburg, Karachi, London, Melbourne, Mexico City, Mumbai, New York, Rome, Sao Paulo, Seoul, Tokyo, and Toronto.
On May 14, 2007, Montana Governor Brian Schweitzer signed HB 25, adopting a CO2 emissions performance standard for electric generating units in the state. HB 25 prohibits the state Public Utility Commission from approving electric generating units primarily fueled by coal unless a minimum of 50% of the CO2 produced by the facility is captured and sequestered. The bill applies only to electric generating units constructed after January 1, 2007. With the signing of HB 25, Montana joins California, Oregon, and Washington as states that have adopted a CO2 emissions
performance standard for electric generating units.
Governor's Signing Statement
On May 11, 2007, Governor John Lynch of New Hampshire signed into law HB 873, the Renewable Energy Act, which establishes a renewable energy portfolio standard for the state. House Bill 873 mandates that 25% of the state’s electricity come from renewable sources by 2025, a goal Governor Lynch had previously set for New Hampshire. Under the new law, electricity providers must provide a minimum specified percentage of electricity from renewable sources starting in 2008 and increasing every year through 2025. New development of wind, biomass and geothermal power, as well as job creation is expected in the state as a result of the law.