U.S. States & Regions
States and regions across the country are adopting climate policies, including the development of regional greenhouse gas reduction markets, the creation of state and local climate action and adaptation plans, and increasing renewable energy generation. Read More
Bloomberg editors endorse NEORI's production tax credit recommendations
Few policy options can be a win-win for both political parties, as well as industry, environmental advocates, and labor. Similarly, increasing oil production and decreasing carbon emissions are thought of as conflicting goals. Yet, a solution may be on the horizon. On February 28, the National Enhanced Oil Recovery Initiative (NEORI) released its recommendations for advancing enhanced oil recovery with carbon dioxide (CO2-EOR). NEORI is a broad coalition of industry, state officials, labor, and environmental advocates.
While NEORI participants might not agree on many energy and environmental issues, each participant recognizes the vast potential of CO2-EOR and worked toward producing a set of policy recommendations for its expansion. CO2-EOR already produces 6 percent of U.S. oil, and it could potentially double or triple existing U.S. oil reserves. In comparison to other options, CO2-EOR offers an extraordinarily large potential expansion of domestic oil production, while also advancing an important environmental technology.
While Americans bought nearly 18,000 PEVs last year, 2012 is the first full year when plug-in electric vehicles will be available nationwide. The long-term success of PEVs could bring some very real benefits to energy security, air quality, climate change, and economic growth.
Ridesharing: Context, Trends, and Opportunities
by Cynthia J. Burbank and Nick Nigro
March 6, 2012
Is enhanced oil recovery (EOR) the missing link in the United States' energy policy? During today's OnPoint, Judi Greenwald, vice president for technology and innovation at the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions and Robert Baugh, executive director of the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Council, outline the recommendations of the National Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute, a coalition of business and environmental groups. Greenwald and Baugh call on Congress to pass an enhanced oil recovery tax credit to spur innovation and growth in carbon capture and storage. They also address the environmental concerns associated with EOR. Click here to watch the interview.
North America 2050: A Partnership for Progress (NA2050) formally launched on March 14, 2012. NA2050 is a group of U.S. states and Canadian provinces committed to policies that move their jurisdictions toward a low-carbon economy while creating jobs, enhancing energy independence and security, protecting public health and the environment, and demonstrating climate leadership.
NA2050 is the successor to the 3-Regions Initiative, which was a collaboration among members of the three North American regional cap-and-trade programs: The Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Western Climate Initiative. NA2050 is a broader effort, addressing clean energy in addition to climate change.
Work in NA2050 primarily takes place within seven working groups:
- Benefits: Evaluating and communicating the benefits of moving to a low-carbon economy
- Power Sector 2050: Influencing and preparing for U.S. Clean Air Act requirements for the electricity sector
- Industry 2050: Encouraging industrial energy efficiency through benchmarks
- Sequestration: Encouraging sequestration and reuse of CO2
- Sustainable Biomass: Examining best use and priority pathways for biomass
- Offsets: Developing high quality offsets
- Linking: Exploring linking of existing cap-and-trade programs
Many states have reached across borders to collaborate on efforts to address climate change. Across the United States and Canada, multi-state climate initiatives have been designed and implemented to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and spur public and private investment in clean energy, energy efficiency, and sustainable infrastructure. Multi-state initiatives can be more effective and efficient in reducing greenhouse gases across a broad area because they provide predictable rules and avoid duplicative processes. Click on the initiatives below to learn more:
- Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
- Western Climate Initiative
- Midwest Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord
- North America 2050
- Pacific Coast Collaborative
- Transportation and Climate Initiative
Summary: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is the first U.S. cap-and-trade program to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the power sector. Currently, the program is composed of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Since 2009, RGGI has set a cap on CO2 emissions from power plants throughout the region. To comply, regulated entities trade emission allowances. The program is administered through RGGI, Inc., but individual state governments have enforcement authority. Following a comprehensive program review in 2012 - 2013, RGGI adjusted the program cap to achieve an annual 2.5 percent emissions reduction each year between 2014 and 2020 from estimated 2012 levels.
Each covered source is required to surrender emission allowances equal to their emissions over a three-year control period, with a partial surrender obligation due each year. The first control period covered 2009 – 2011 and covered the nine current states plus New Jersey. New Jersey withdrew from the program beginning with the second control period.
History: On Dec. 20, 2005, the governors of seven Northeast states announced the creation of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). The governors of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, and Vermont signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) agreeing to implement the first mandatory U.S. cap-and-trade program for carbon dioxide.
On Jan. 18, 2007, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick signed the RGGI MOU, thereby committing his state to join RGGI. On Jan. 30, Gov. Donald Carcieri announced that Rhode Island would join RGGI. On April 6, 2006, Maryland Gov. Robert L. Ehrlich Jr. signed into law the Healthy Air Act. The bill required the governor to include the state in RGGI by June 30, 2007. Maryland became the 10th official participating state in April 2007 with Gov. Martin O'Malley's signing of the RGGI MOU.
In May 2011, New Jersey announced in that it would be exiting the program, a move that was complete by the beginning of 2012. The RGGI program underwent a prescribed program review in 2012, and states adopted an updated model rule in 2013. A key focus of the review was a dramatic drop in covered emissions from 2005. This was a result of market forces and decreased economic activity making emissions much lower than the cap. Member states agreed to lower the cap from 165 short tons of CO2 in 2013, to 91 million short tons in 2014. The cap decreases annually by 2.5 percent until 2020, then remains constant. RGGI is undertaking another program review in 2016.
According to the 2013 RGGI Monitoring Report, the annual average carbon dioxide emissions from RGGI electric generation sources were 32.5 percent lower in 2011-2013, compared to the base period of 2006-2008. Additionally, the annual average carbon dioxide emissions rate and the electric generation output for these sources decreased 19.8 percent and 15.8 percent respectively, as compared to the 2006-2008 base period. Relative to 2005 emissions, more than 45 percent reductions in CO2 emissions are projected from the electric power sector by 2020. A study released in July 2015 shows that RGGI has resulted in net economic benefits of $1.3 billion to participating states during the second compliance period (2012-2014). These benefits come in large part from the use of auction proceeds to address state policy objectives related to energy efficiency, renewable energy, and customer bill reductions.
Summary: The Western Climate Initiative (WCI), was initially formed as a collaboration of jurisdictions working together to identify, evaluate, and implement emission-trading programs at a sub-national level. In November 2011, WCI transitioned into WCI, Inc., a nonprofit corporation that provides administrative and technical assistance to support the implementation of state and provincial greenhouse gas emission trading programs. The State of California and the Provinces of British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec are current participating jurisdictions.
Under the auspices of WCI Inc., California and Quebec linked their cap-and-trade programs on Jan. 1, 2014. WCI, Inc. manages the Compliance Instrument Tracking Service System, administers allowance auctions, and facilitates independent market monitoring of allowance auctions. As of 2016, the state of California and the provinces of British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, and Manitoba continue to work together through the WCI to develop and harmonize their emissions trading program policies.
History: On Feb. 26, 2007, Governors Janet Napolitano of Arizona, Arnold Schwarzenegger of California, Bill Richardson of New Mexico, Ted Kulongoski of Oregon, and Christine Gregoire of Washington signed an agreement establishing the WCI, a joint effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and address climate change. Later, the governors of Utah and Montana, as well as the premiers of British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec joined as partners. An additional 14 jurisdictions joined as observers, including Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Nevada, and Wyoming in the United States; Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan in Canada; and Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, and Tamaulipas in Mexico.
The WCI was built on the efforts of individual participating states and provinces, as well as two regional predecessors: the Southwest Climate Change Initiative of 2006, consisting of Arizona and New Mexico, and the West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative, consisting of California, Oregon, and Washington.
According to the the initiative’s MOU, WCI Partners agreed to jointly set a regional emissions target and establish a market-based system—such as a cap-and-trade program covering multiple economic sectors—to help meet this target. In August 2007, the WCI announced its regional, economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions target of 15 percent below 2005 levels by 2020, or approximately 33 percent below projected business-as-usual levels. The regional target was designed to be consistent with existing targets set by individual member states and did not replace these goals. Emissions covered by the target included the six primary greenhouse gases identified by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
In September 2008, the WCI released Design Recommendations for a Cap-and-Trade Program, with an envisioned program start date of January 2012. The program was designed to cover emissions from the electricity sector and large industrial and commercial sources from 2012, and to also cover emissions from transportation and other residential, commercial, and industrial fuel users beginning in 2015. In July 2010, the WCI Partners released the Design for the WCI Regional Program, a comprehensive strategy that built upon the recommendations released in 2008 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, stimulate development of clean-energy technologies, create green jobs, increase energy security, and protect public health. The strategy provided the roadmap to deliver on the regional greenhouse gas emission target established in 2007, and represented the culmination of two years of work by seven U.S. states and four Canadian provinces.
Summary: The Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord (MGGRA) is a commitment launched in 2007 by the governors of six Midwestern states and the premier of one Canadian province to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through a regional cap-and-trade program and other complementary measures. Members of MGGRA are not currently pursuing their greenhouse gas goals through the accord.
History: On Nov. 15, 2007, the governors of Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, as well as the premier of Manitoba, signed the Midwest Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord (MGGRA) as full participants. The states of Indiana, Ohio, and South Dakota joined the agreement as observers. On November 27, 2008, the province of Ontario also joined as an observer. Under the accord, members agreed to establish targets for greenhouse gas emission reductions that were consistent with states’ targets, and to complete the development of a proposed cap-and-trade agreement and model rule. This resulted in the release of a final model rule in April 2010, which detailed a cap-and-trade program designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent below 2005 levels by 2020, and 80 percent below 2005 levels by 2050. After releasing the final model rule, the states and province in MGGRA did not continue to pursue their greenhouse gas goals through the accord.
Summary: A diverse array of states and provinces launched North America 2050: A Partnership for Progress (NA2050) in March 2012. NA2050 participants committed to policies to move their jurisdictions toward a low-carbon economy while creating jobs, enhancing energy security, protecting public health and the environment, and demonstrating climate leadership. NA2050 was a multi-state, multi-regional collaborative working toward mitigating the impacts of climate change and advancing clean energy, carbon capture and sequestration, and industrial energy efficiency benchmarking. The Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) served as one of five nonprofit advisory groups for the NA2050 partnership. NA2050 became inactive in 2014.
History: NA2050 was the successor to the 3-Regions Initiative, a collaboration among members of the three North American regional cap-and-trade programs: the Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, and the Western Climate Initiative.
NA2050 was composed of six working groups, which collectively facilitated dialogue among governments, private sector entities, NGOs, and academic institutions. Each working group provided topical support focusing on the different aspects of the energy, climate, and economic challenges facing the participating jurisdictions. C2ES was lead advisor to the Industry 2050 Working Group and the Sequestration Working Group.
Summary: Established in 2008, the Pacific Coast Collaborative (PCC) is a cooperative agreement among the leaders of Alaska, British Columbia, California, Oregon, and Washington to leverage clean energy innovation and low-carbon development to reduce the effects of climate change on the regional economy. Together, the PCC jurisdictions comprise 54 million residents, with a total gross domestic product of $3 trillion. Through the PCC, leaders from participating jurisdictions coordinate, propose, and adopt policy frameworks aimed at generating investments in renewable energy, climate resilience, low-carbon transportation infrastructure, and environmental conservation. Unlike its larger regional counterparts such as the Midwestern Governors Association, the PCC is focused on low-carbon development, while emphasizing coordination of state-level climate policies to achieve the broader goals presented in PCC agreements.
History: The PCC was established on June 30, 2008, to strategically confront the economic risks posed by climate change to the Pacific Coast region. The original agreement signaled a commitment by each jurisdiction to deploy more renewable energy and to promote environmental and coastal conservation. On Feb. 12, 2010, the PCC issued Vision 2030, outlining the group’s efforts to lead North America in clean energy innovation, climate adaptation, and sustainable infrastructure. The plan centers on increased deployment of solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, and tidal energy, as well as projects geared toward widespread adoption of energy-efficient technology. It introduces a plan to develop high-speed rail infrastructure between San Diego and Vancouver, B.C., as well as establish fuel-efficiency benchmarks and permitting standards for vehicles. In addition, the plan acknowledges the important role of a regional network of climate change scientists, researchers, and policy makers in building resilience to climate change in the region whilst offering new economic opportunities.
On Nov. 14, 2012, the PCC announced a joint effort between California, Oregon, Washington, and the province of British Columbia to enable investments in sustainable infrastructure projects through the creation of the West Coast Infrastructure Exchange. By reducing costs through the bundling of projects, partnering with innovators in other regions, and connecting public entities with private capital, the exchange will help the region meet infrastructure investment needs estimated at $1 trillion over the next 30 years.
On Oct. 18, 2013, the PCC signed the Pacific Coast Action Plan on Climate and Energy, a nonbinding agreement to align climate regulations and market-based measures in each member jurisdiction. The plan presents a number of policies to promote clean energy deployment, carbon pricing, revised regional greenhouse gas reduction targets for 2030, and low-carbon transportation. Several provisions highlight the need for regional cooperation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, such as those supportive of an integrated electrical smart-grid to support increased renewable generation, and the continued deployment of high-speed regional rail line along the Pacific Coast.
Summary: The Transportation Climate Initiative (TCI) is a collaboration of twelve Northeast and Mid-Atlantic jurisdictions launched in 2010, to develop a clean energy economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector. The TCI aims to expand safe and reliable transportation options, attract federal investment, lower transportation costs, improve overall air quality and public health, and mitigate the transportation sector's impact on climate change. The TCI consists of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and the District of Columbia. Transportation currently accounts for roughly 40 percent of greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. Mid-Atlantic and Northeast.
History: On June 16, 2010, eleven Mid-Atlantic and Northeast states and the District of Columbia announced a Declaration of Intent for the TCI. The jurisdictions established the Transportation, Energy, and Environment Staff Working Group to direct the initiative's planning and seek public and private funding for projects. The Georgetown Climate Center facilitated the initial meeting of the TCI and continues to support the effort.
On June 7, 2011, the TCI jurisdictions agreed to work cooperatively in support of sustainable communities, through the enhancement of transportation policies that combined smart growth land use planning with sustainable development concepts. In support of this agreement, the Georgetown Climate Center and Rutgers University’s Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy produced research papers examining 11 potential indicators that could be used to measure progress towards sustainable communities.
On Oct. 19, 2011, the TCI jurisdictions announced the creation of the Northeast Electric Vehicle Network, bringing together companies, organizations, and jurisdictions to lay the groundwork, both in terms of infrastructure and planning, for the region to lead in the deployment of electric vehicles. Since its creation, the Northeast has seen an increase in the number of public electric vehicle charging stations and vehicle deployment, with the TCI also active in providing planning and policy support to help states become more electric vehicle ready.
March 13, 2012
Contact: Tom Steinfeldt, email@example.com, 703-516-0638
Broad Coalition Offers Plan to Accelerate Adoption of Plug-In Electric Vehicles
C2ES-Led Group Recommends Strategies to Connect PEVs to the U.S. Electrical Grid
WASHINGTON, D.C. – A coalition including automakers, electric utilities, environmental groups, and state officials outlined joint recommendations today to accelerate the adoption of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) nationwide.
The PEV Dialogue Group, convened last year by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES), presented its recommendations at a Washington, D.C. event featuring remarks by group members from General Motors, Southern California Edison, the state of Michigan, and the Natural Resources Defense Council.
The group’s report, An Action Plan to Integrate Plug-in Electric Vehicles with the U.S. Electrical Grid, provides a roadmap for coordinated public and private sector action at state and local levels to ensure that PEV owners can conveniently plug in their cars without overtaxing the grid. It recommends steps to ensure compatible regulatory approaches nationwide, balance public and private investments in charging infrastructure, and better inform consumers about PEVs.
“With plug-in electrics, we now have a mass-produced alternative to the internal combustion engine,” said C2ES president Eileen Claussen. “This is a major opportunity to tackle both energy security and climate change, and to put American industries and workers out front on a truly transformative technology. But for PEVs to succeed, we need all the right parties working together. That’s what this plan is all about.”
Nearly 18,000 PEVs were sold in the United States last year; over the next year or two, all of the major automakers plan to have models on the road. Some PEVs like the Nissan Leaf rely entirely on battery power, while others like the Chevy Volt have small backup engines to extend their driving range.
Broad deployment of PEVs, which use little or no gasoline, can significantly reduce U.S. reliance on imported oil and curb harmful tailpipe emissions. If accompanied by the gradual decarbonization of U.S. electricity, PEVs can also significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. But growth of the PEV market faces major challenges, including new infrastructure letting owners plug in at home and on the road while ensuring the reliability of the grid.
The PEV Dialogue Group’s Action Plan includes recommendations to:
- Encourage state public utility commissions and other policymakers to establish a consistent regulatory framework nationwide to harmonize technical standards; streamline the installation of household and commercial charging stations; and use electricity rate structures to promote charging at off-peak hours.
- Assist local policymakers and stakeholders in assessing local needs, developing tailored strategies, and optimizing public and private investment in charging infrastructure.
- Provide consumers with reliable information on the costs and benefits of PEVs and the choices among PEV technologies.
“Instead of policies that increase our addiction to oil, we need to provide Americans more transportation choices,” said Roland Hwang, transportation director at the Natural Resources Defense Council. “Putting millions of electric vehicles on the road will cut drivers’ fuel bills, help the auto industry, keep billions of dollars in the U.S. economy, and curb emissions of dangerous air pollutants. By working together across the political spectrum to enact this Action Plan, we can create a vibrant market for electric cars, restore U.S manufacturing leadership and create thousands of jobs.”
“The U.S. electrical grid is a national energy security asset and has the excess capacity, off-peak to support millions of electric vehicles right now,” said Edward Kjaer, director of PEV readiness, at Southern California Edison, a major electric utility. “With the PEV Action Plan, C2ES has spearheaded an important effort that will help us all use this critical domestic resource for transportation and begin to reduce this nation's dependence on imported oil."
“GM is glad to work with groups such as C2ES that are working to advance the adoption of electric vehicles through real-world best practices and stakeholder education,” said Michael Robinson, vice president of sustainability and global regulatory affairs at GM.
“It has been a pleasure to work with the other members of the PEV Dialogue Group and identify policies that will help seamlessly integrate plug-in electric vehicles with our electrical grid,” said Orjiakor Isiogu, a member of the Michigan Public Service Commission. “I look forward to continuing my work within the group and helping it properly balance the needs of electricity customers and the opportunity presented by PEVs.”
C2ES will work with the PEV Dialogue Group and others to promote implementation of the Action Plan. Over the coming months, C2ES is working with the Washington State Department of Transportation to advise transportation officials in seven states on steps to accelerate PEV adoption, and with the U.S. Department of Energy to support DOE-funded Clean Cities Coalitions working in dozens of communities across the country to develop local PEV deployment plans.
The Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) is an independent non-profit, non-partisan organization promoting strong policy and action to address the twin challenges of energy and climate change. Launched in November 2011, C2ES is the successor to the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, long recognized in the United States and abroad as an influential and pragmatic voice on climate issues. C2ES is led by Eileen Claussen, who previously led the Pew Center and is the former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs.
PEV Dialogue Group Participants
- A123 Systems
- Argonne National Laboratory
- Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers
- Better Place
- Center for Climate and Energy Solutions
- City of Raleigh, NC
- U.S. Department of Energy
- Edison Electric Institute (EEI)
- Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA)
- Electrification Coalition
- Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)
- General Electric
- General Motors
- Georgetown Climate Center
- Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission*
- Johnson Controls Inc.
- Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments
- Michigan Public Service Commission*
- National Wildlife Federation
- North Carolina Department of Transportation
- Northeast Utilities System
- Natural Resources Defense Council
- NRG Energy
- PJM Interconnection
- Rockefeller Brothers Fund
- Rocky Mountain Institute
- Southern California Edison
- U.S. Department of Transportation
- University of Delaware
- Washington State Department of Transportation
*The role of these group members must be limited to technical contribution because of their organizational function.
On January 31, 2012, the National Governors Association released a report that details all state-level clean energy actions implemented between June 2010 and August 2011. The report, entitled Clean State Energy Actions: 2011, highlights how all states are working hard to promote clean energy despite the weak economy and state budget challenges. The report identifies state actions in seven categories:
- Energy efficiency
- Clean electricity
- Alternative fuels and vehicles
- Greenhouse gas emissions
- Clean energy research, development, and demonstration
- Clean energy economic development
According to the report, nearly all states improved energy efficiency and increased clean electricity generation. In addition, Arkansas, Maryland and forty other states promoted alternative fuels and vehicles. Delaware, Louisiana, North Carolina and twenty-three additional states initiated lead-by-example programs, in which state governments promote clean energy by using it in state buildings and operations, bringing the total to fifty-one states and territories. Oregon, Washington, Vermont and nine other states took new action to address greenhouse gas emissions. Forty-five states have now addressed emissions in some way by participating in greenhouse gas registries or initiatives, setting emission reduction targets, authorizing commissions to study the impact of climate change, and/or developing a climate action plan. Finally, Colorado, Mississippi, Virginia, and twenty-five other states established a new economic development policy to advance the clean energy industry, such as a tax incentive for clean manufacturing or a workforce development program to foster clean energy jobs.
Overall, the report emphasizes that states have adopted policies that best fit their unique needs and opportunities. While states will likely struggle with fiscal hardship in the coming years, the National Governors Association believes that states will still look to reduce energy costs and invest in clean energy economic development.
With the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as the headline sponsor, the first annual Climate Leadership Conference will be held from February 29-March 1, 2012, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. The conference will bring together leaders from business, government and academic institutions, and the non-profit community interested in exchanging ideas and information on how to address climate change while simultaneously running their operations more competitively and sustainably.
The conference includes a gala to honor recipients of the Climate Leadership Awards, a new national awards program to recognize exemplary corporate, organizational, and individual leadership in response to climate change. U.S. EPA, in partnership with C2ES, The Climate Registry (The Registry), and the Association of Climate Change Officers (ACCO), sponsor the awards.
Featured conference speakers include:
- Nancy Sutley – Chair, White House Council on Environmental Quality
- Gina McCarthy – Assistant Administrator, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- Mary Nichols – Chair, California Air Resources Board
- Eileen Claussen – President, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions
- Network with leaders from the public and private sectors, including federal and state government officials, industry leaders, and nonprofit experts
- Attend the Climate Leadership Awards Gala, which is held in conjunction with the conference
- Hear insights from winners of the 2011 Climate Leadership Awards for the Supply Chain, Organizational and Individual Leadership categories
Conference attendees will learn about and exchange solutions on topics including
- Leveraging Clean Energy Opportunities
- Managing Climate Risks and Building Resilience
- Supply Chain Strategies
- Disclosures and Questionnaires
- Setting and Achieving GHG Reduction Goals Education & Engagement
- Strategies Making the Business Case for Climate Response
Any sponsorship or advertisements appearing in these materials do not imply endorsement, recommendation, or favor by the United States Government or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Learn about the new international coalition aimed reducing short-lived climate pollutants, a framework for carbon capture and storage, and how federal agencies are incorporating climate adaptation into their decision making, the start of a clean energy standard conversation, and more in C2ES's February 2012 newsletter.